Methods and Experience Exchange

Teacher of the Year: not everyone is to be taken to the future

Authors:

V. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary school № 1259.

Summary

The main purpose of the competition is to identify the most talented, unique teachers who can act as beacons for the teacher’s profession, to popularize it. But this goal in a sense contradicts the trend towards unification and replication that is emerging in modern education.

Keywords:

“teacher of the year” contest, profession of teacher, competition lessons, pedagogical skill, trends in education development.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Integration of students’ cognitive activity in the classroom and extracurricular learning

Authors:

I. V.. Adress: Lipetsk. Workplace: Institute for the Development of Education, Lipetsk region.

E. V.. Adress: Usman, Lipetsk region. Workplace: Secondary School № 3.

Summary

The article is devoted to the variants of the relationship of the content of the types of students’ cognitive activity and forms of classroom and extracurricular activities organized by a chemistry teacher in teaching chemistry. In the lesson and after-hour activity study scenarios, connected by the same theme, the activity approach in studying the structure of the atom is shown.

Keywords:

Integration of lesson and extracurricular educational activities, technology of activity-based teaching method, active forms of classroom and extracurricular activities.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Virtual reality tools in forming the concept of isotopes

Authors:

Yu. Yu.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University.

M.V.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: ITMO University.

I.I.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: Gymnasium № 11.

Summary

The article describes a lesson for the 8th grade “Composition changes in the atoms’ nuclei of chemical elements, isotopes” with the use of virtual reality tools. The abstract concept of “isotopes” is not formed through a traditional deductive way, when a teacher gives students a definition with subsequent explanations and predictions, but is derived by students in the process of realistic manipulations with various objects of the micro world.

Keywords:

Сhemistry training, formation of concepts, virtual reality, isotopes.


Methods and Experience Exchange

“Classification of organic compounds” research lesson

Authors:

E.N.. Adress: Gatchina, Leningrad region. Workplace: Gatchina Gymnasium named after K. D. Ushinsky.

Summary

The scenario of a lesson “Classification of organic compounds” for 10-graders is suggested. In the lesson, students work in small groups. They fulfil a number of tasks to get acquainted with substances that differ from those studied earlier in both composition and structure. Students conduct a laboratory experiment that shows the dependence of properties of substances on their structure. In the course of the lesson, diagrams are made, functional groups are discussed, substances with multiples of chemical bonds are identified.

Keywords:

Organic chemistry, organic substances, functional groups, multiple bonds.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Major problems to be solved by a teacher

Authors:

E. V.. Adress: Stupino, Tula region. Workplace: Secondary school № 14.

Summary

The paper considers topical issues arising in training students for the Basic State Examination in chemistry. The author proposes options for their solution, which contribute to high-quality training for the exam.

Keywords:

Basic state exam, individual training plans, individual approach.


Methods and Experience Exchange

The development and use of educational comics

Authors:

I. I.. Adress: Yakutsk. Workplace: North-Eastern Federal University.

N. O.. Adress: Yakutsk. Workplace: Secondary school № 31 with advanced training in individual subjects.

Summary

The article describes ways and conditions for the organization of a chemistry lesson with the use of a specific method of creating a comics strip. The role of educational comics in forming positive motivation to studying chemistry, developing intellectual skills and experience of creative activity are discussed. The description of the lesson on the application of the presented method is given.

Keywords:

Comics, chemistry, motivation, skills, creativity, concept formation, design, independent work.


Methods and Experience Exchange

From foreign experience of using analogies

Authors:

A. M.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Summary

The article discusses analogies proposed in the course of chemistry studied by school students abroad since the 1980s. Most of the analogies are related to issues of general chemistry. Examples are given from thematic sections: atomic structure, molecular structure, stoichiometry, kinetics and thermodynamics.

Keywords:

Analogy, metaphor, atomic structure, stoichiometry.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On ways of improving learning efficiency

Authors:

A. N.. Adress: Baku, Azerbaijan. Workplace: Secondary school №7.

Summary

The article refers to creating the basis for the integration of the national education system of the Republic of Azerbaijan into the world education system through the use of new pedagogical technologies and active methods of education.

Keywords:

Innovative educational technologies, creative mind, research, cognitive activity, independent work, intelligence, knowledge, skill, ability.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On using skeleton-charts of the Periodic table

Authors:

J. S.. Adress: Tskhinval. Workplace: South Ossetian State University.

R. G.. Adress: Tskhinval. Workplace: South Ossetian State University.

Summary

The description of a lesson «The position of chemical elements in Periodic chart and properties of its oxides» with use of skeleton-charts is presented. Such form of a lesson increases students’ interest in studying the subject.

Keywords:

Skeleton-charts of the periodic table, metals, nonmetals, properties of oxides.


Consultation

Specific features of reactions in organic chemistry

Authors:

M. K.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

Specific features of alkane oxidation, hydrohalogenation of alkenes, addition to dienes, polymer depolymerization, intramolecular dehydration of alcohols are discussed.

Keywords:

Reaction selectivity, alkanes, alkenes, dienes, alcohols, polymers.


Extracurricular Activities

The study of petroleum products in the elective course classes

Authors:

E. A.. Adress: Omsk. Workplace: Omsk State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article presents materials for the organization of educational research of petroleum products. Theoretical information includes the definition of “oil products”, a brief description of the processes of primary (distillation or rectification) and secondary (cracking, reforming, platforming, hydroforming) refining, classification and quality indicators of oil and petroleum products. The experimental part contains methods for determining the quality of petroleum products and tasks for students recommended when performing experiments.

Keywords:

Oil, petroleum products, distillation, rectification, cracking, reforming, platforming, hydroforming, gasoline, octane number, physical properties of oil.


Extracurricular Activities

Students’ research as a way to increase interest in a subject

Authors:

O. E.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: Gymnasium № 399.

Summary

The article presents the experience of students’ research activities. The topic of research in chemistry can be divided into several areas: studying environmental objects, studying food or household chemicals, integration of natural, mathematical and humanitarian knowledge.

Keywords:

Student research, ecology, food research.


Extracurricular Activities

Determining Vitamin C content in apples

Authors:

B. G.. Adress: Smolensk. Workplace: Smolensk State University.

Summary

The article describes a students’ project on determining vitamin C content in apples of different varieties by redox titration.

Keywords:

Apples, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), titration.


Facts from the History of Chemistry

Neutron and “newtoni”

Authors:

I. A.. Adress: Aksay district. Workplace: Gymnasium № 3 named after N. D. Gulayev.

Summary

The search for a hypothetical substance – "world ether" – by Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev is described. A historical overview of the problem is given. The results of Mendeleev's work are presented.

Keywords:

D i mendeleev, I Newton, C Huygens, Periodic table of chemical elements, «world ether», neutron.


Chemical Experiment

Using quantitative experiment in teaching chemistry

Authors:

N. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

T. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

Conducting quantitative experiments in general and inorganic chemistry recommended for both chemistry classroom and extracurricular activities is discussed.

Keywords:

Quantitative experiment, measurements, student experiment.


Chemical Experiment

Chemical experiment in teaching “Amino acids”

Authors:

I. S.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov.

N. P.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov.

E. A.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov.

Summary

The article presents chemical experiments on the theme “Amino acids” for classes of medical profile. Taking into account the technology of problem training, the didactic plan for using chemical experiments is developed.

Keywords:

Technology of problem-based learning, cards of chemical experiment, amino acids, classes of medical profile.


Chemical Experiment

Workshop on the theme «Non-metals and their compounds»

Authors:

O. Yu.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary school № 1584.

Summary

The article presents instructions for four practical works in inorganic chemistry for the advanced level students.

Keywords:

Laboratory practice, laboratory experiment, chemical reaction equation.