Competition «Teacher of the Year-2017» in Russia: lessons, conclusions and reflections

Authors:

Golovner V. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary school № 1259.

Nechitaylova E. V.. Adress: Tsimlyansk, Rostov region. Workplace: Lyceum № 1.

Summary

The authors of the article, members of the jury of the competition «Teacher of the Year-2017», present their reflections on competitive activities of the first stage: a methodological seminar and a competitive lesson. The article shows the significance of professional competitions for the development of the entire educational system in Russia. The importance of the teacher's personality was noted, which became the basis for evaluating all competitive tests in 2017.

Keywords:

«teacher of the year» competition , competition lesson, methodological seminar.


Methods and Experience Exchange

The chemistry course content: approaches to defining the ratio of theory and facts

Authors:

Kaverina A. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education.

Summary

The author analyzes the leading didactic principles of the scientific approach, meaningful attitude to the world, compliance of the logical and the historical. Their innovative influence on forming the content of the subject "Chemistry" taking into account priorities of development of modern school is shown.

Keywords:

Educational content, subject, didactic principles, formation of a subject, theory, fact.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Solving problems on identification of the organic substance structure

Authors:

Deryabina N. E.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Summary

The author describes her method of solving some kinds of problems in organic chemistry making possible the reconstruction of organic substances structural formulae using the information concerning elements composed the substance, the number and valence of atoms in it, chemical properties and stability of the organic substance that must be identified. The examples of solving problems by the method are shown.

Keywords:

Problems in organic chemistry, methods of solving problems, structure determination by substances properties.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Development of skills to write the equations of redox reactions

Authors:

Volkova S. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education.

Summary

The technique of the development of students' abilities to write the equations of redox reactions involving organic substances by the electronic balance method and calculations based on them are considered.

Keywords:

Students' subject skills, redox reactions, oxidation state, electronic balance method, algorithm for composing equations, calculation problems.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On forming students' cognitive experience

Authors:

Elizarova E. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary school №597 «New Generation».

Summary

The article gives arguments in favor of the experience formation of students' knowledge at the propaedeutic level of chemistry education (the initial stage). The author describes a technique of formation of students’ cognitive experience by involving them in an independent research activity which is related to their pre-school cognitive experience.

Keywords:

Productive learning model, cognitive experience, overcoming intellectual difficulties, personal growth and development.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Using algebraic inequalities in writing chemical equations

Authors:

Pilnikova N. N.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: Secondary school № 496.

Summary

The author offers several techniques to overcome the students’ difficulties in balancing chemical equations.

Keywords:

Chemical equations, coefficients, indexes, inequalities.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Educating students in hospital: didactic materials with magnets

Authors:

Dzenis A. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary school № 109.

Summary

This article focuses on the use of didactic materials with magnets which can help solve some problems of teaching chemistry to chronically ill children in hospital.

Keywords:

Teaching chemistry to chronically ill children in hospital, didactic materials with magnets.


Extracurricular Activities

Mysteries of the New Year drink

Authors:

Medvedev Y u. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The author describes Champagne, its history and chemical compounds contained in it. The task of the All-Russian Chemistry Olympiad is given as an example of a context task based on the information about Champagne.

Keywords:

Champagne, organic compounds in wines, context-based task.


Chemical experiment

How to make New Year decorations in the lab

Authors:

Borunova E. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Perevozchikova N. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary school № 1246.

Summary

The history and chemical aspects of producing New Year decorations in Russia are described. Several simple techniques for making New Year decorations in a chemical lab are suggested.


Chemical experiment

Chemical experiment in the technology of critical thinking development

Authors:

Tkhan C. T.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Borovskih T. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The authors discuss a lesson “Calcium and its compounds, hardness of water” with the use of the technology of critical thinking development. Participating in the practical activity students not only obtain information on the known natural phenomenon, but also learn to compare, generalize, find cause-effect relationships.

Keywords:

Technology, critical thinking, challenge, reflection, practice, water hardness.


Consultation

Studying optical isomerism in senior secondary school

Authors:

Grachev M. K.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Orzhekovskiy P. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The authors give recommendations on studying optical isomerism at chemistry lessons in profile classes. The basic concepts and the nomenclature of optical isomers are considered, examples of explaining properties and mechanisms of reactions of organic substances taking into account the effects of optical isomerism are given.

Keywords:

Optic isomers, chirality, enantiomers, mechanisms of reactions in organic chemistry.


Facts from the History of Chemistry

History of chemistry on the map of Saint-Petersburg

Authors:

Kunaeva A. P.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: The Herzen State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article discusses the use of the regional approach to chemistry lessons in the process of humanization. The possibilities and examples of using regional history knowledge about St. Petersburg and integration with school chemistry course are reviewed.

Keywords:

Humanitarization of teaching chemistry, regional history approach.