Methods and Experience Exchange

Long way to success

Authors:

N. V.. Adress: Smolensk. Workplace: Pechersky School.

Summary

The author begins preparing students for the State Final Certification long before the exam. The article describes several effective techniques for preparing students for the exam.

Keywords:

State final certification, blitz survey, oral test, chemical experiment, commenting demonstrations, self-training.


Science and Industry

Modern aluminum alloys and composite materials

Authors:

V. N.. Adress: Pskov. Workplace: Education Centre “Pskov Pedagogical complex”.

Summary

The article describes мodern aluminum alloys and composite materials used in aviation equipment, power plants, etc.

Keywords:

Aluminum alloys, composite materials, duralumin, intermetallic phase.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Methods of studying the Periodic law and the structure of the atom

Authors:

E.V.. Adress: Smolensk. Workplace: Smolensk State University.

Summary

The article reveals various methodological aspects of the study of the Periodic law and the structure of atom: the value and place of the topic in the school chemistry course, the requirements for learning outcomes, approaches, methodological features, methods and tools of studying the material, the implementation of evaluation activities and the organization of extracurricular activities.

Keywords:

Periodic law and structure of atom, methods of study.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Confronting bioterrorism: one of the challenges of modern chemistry

Authors:

A. I.. Adress: Makhachkala. Workplace: Dagestan State Pedagogical University.

Z. V.. Adress: Makhachkala. Workplace: Dagestan Institute of Education Development.

Summary

Neutralization of bioterrorism is one of the priorities of the modern society. Therefore, students should understand the seriousness of the threats of bioterrorism and the need for protection, i. e. the development of effective diagnostic, bactericidal and medicinal products. This work is aimed at the development of students’ patriotism, religious tolerance and the correct system of life values. The scenario of the lesson for 10 profile class is suggested.

Keywords:

Bioterrorism, chemistry, drugs, religious tolerance.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Lesson “Ionic Reaction Equations”

Authors:

I. M.. Adress: Voronezh region. Workplace: Talovskaya School.

Summary

The author offers the description of a lesson with the use of activity, which allows each student to achieve the best results of education, upbringing and development. The methods and techniques used in such lessons enable a teacher to optimally organize the learning process.

Keywords:

Double displacement reactions, ionic reaction equations, problem situation, discovery of new knowledge.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Lesson-workshop in studying chemical phenomena

Authors:

G. U.. Adress: Sverdlovsk region. Workplace: School of the General Directorate of Federal Penitentiary Service in Sverdlovsk region.

Summary

The description of a workshop for 8-graders, which is aimed at the students’ discovery of new knowledge, is given.

Keywords:

Chemical reactions, the lesson of discovery of new knowledge.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Developing students’ universal learning abilities through using level integration and differentiation

Authors:

A. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

I. S.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

E. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article focuses on the development of students’ universal learning abilities by using differentiation of learning and level integration of chemistry, physics and English. The authors offer methodological recommendations for the organization of the educational process within the framework of integrated classes on the theme “The development of Mars”.

Keywords:

Level integration, internal and external differentiation, Chemistry, Physics, English, educational outcomes, universal learning abilities.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On the problem approach in teaching practice

Authors:

E. M.. Adress: Volgograd. Workplace: Secondary school № 78.

Summary

The article deals with the implementation of the problem approach in studying chemistry in the context of the Federal State Educational Standards, the concept of educational problems and their features. Examples of problem tasks in chemistry based on the solution of life-practice problems which are very important in the development of students' system of universal educational actions are provided. The role of socially-oriented situations in the development of students' skills to solve problems is revealed in the use of case technology in the lessons of chemistry, which at the same time contributes to the students' successful socialization.

Keywords:

Educational problem, problem situation, life-practical task, socially-oriented situation, universal learning abilities, socialization.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Using chains of chemical transformations in studying organic chemistry

Authors:

T. V.. Adress: Kazan. Workplace: M. I. Makhmutov Lyceum № 116.

T. G.. Adress: Kazan. Workplace: M. I. Makhmutov Lyceum № 116.

Summary

The authors offer the options chains of reactions for individual classes of organic compounds and the solution of some of them. They can be used as a home task with a mandatory check in the classroom and in test sessions. Multiple repetition when writing chemical equations involving a variety of tasks, allows students to build a sustainable knowledge.

Keywords:

Chains of reactions, types of reactions.


Extracurricular Activities

Organizing classes of the Scientific Society of Chemists

Authors:

E. V.. Adress: Voronezh. Workplace: Voronezh State University of Engineering Technology.

Summary

The main stages of the organization of students’ research activity within “Scientific society of chemists” for forming positive motivation to studying chemistry and developing students’ creative potential are presented. The course includes interactive lectures, laboratory practice, round table discussions, excursions, working with Internet resources. The author emphasizes the importance of students’ research activity for further study in higher education institutions and future professional activities.

Keywords:

Motivation, chemistry, research work.


Extracurricular Activities

Crosswords and cross-senses as types of educational and cognitive tasks in chemical ecology

Authors:

D. S.. Adress: Tver. Workplace: Secondary School № 43.

A. E.. Adress: Tver. Workplace: Tver State Technical University.

Summary

The article considers the potential of regular and extracurricular activities of schoolchildren for the formation of their ecological culture. The crossword “Household rubbish and building waste" as well as the cross-sense “The ecological problems of mankind” are presented. The creation of author's crosswords and cross-senses in the subject area “Chemistry” is discussed as one of the possible forms of the product at the preparation of the final project of the student.

Keywords:

Crossword, cross-sense, environmental problems, chemical ecology, system-activity approach, final project of the student, cognitive interest in chemistry.


Extracurricular Activities

The formation of subject skills in the classroom elective

Authors:

S. O.. Adress: Kaluga. Workplace: K. E. Tsiolkovsky Kaluga State Ubiversity.

Summary

The problem of improving students’ subject skills in chemistry in the elective classes is discussed. Studying the elemental composition of a living organism is described as ab example of integration of chemical skills in the process of solving cognitive problems in the related fields of knowledge.

Keywords:

Subject skills, elective, elemental composition of a living organism, chemical experiment.


Chemical Experiment

Experimental tasks as a means of forming chemical competence

Authors:

G. S.. Adress: Novosibirsk. Workplace: Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article describes the history of using experimental tasks in teaching chemistry and shows their importance in modern conditions in connection with the implementation of the competence approach.

Keywords:

Experimental task, system of experimental tasks, universal learning abilities, model of competence-based learning.