On forming subject and meta-subject competences

Authors:

Mukhametshina T. G.. Adress: Kazan. Workplace: Lyceum # 116.

Summary

The author reflects on forming subject and meta-subject competences. The scheme is offered, which correlates subject (theoretical knowledge, the 1st level of digestion) and meta-subject competences (the 2nd and the 3d levels, which anticipate expanding existent knowledge and creating new one).

Keywords:

Subject, meta-subject, personal results, workshop, innovative means of training and control.


And what does the law say?..

Authors:

Khmel’kov S. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the Trade Union of Public Education and Science Workers of the Russian Federation.

Summary

The legal department deputy manager of the Trade Union of Public Education and Science Workers of the Russian Federation administration answers our readers’ questions.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On knowledge efficiency and functional literacy

Authors:

Shalashova M. M.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the Moscow institute of Open Education.

Summary

In the modern world it is important to operate with an efficient and flexible system of domain knowledge that helps pupils solve problems encountered and succeed in different fields. Such determiners make the quality of educational results and they are being diagnosed with monitoring and control. At the same time the level of functional literacy is elicited in the international researches. How are these two chracterstics connected? What should a teacher pay attention to? In this article we are trying to determine the limits of the actions of the characteristics studied and define the terms of its achievement.

Keywords:

Functional literacy, quality of learning , knowledge efficiency and flexibility.


Social progress of students as a prerequisite of their successful life-sustaining activity

Authors:

Kolycheva Z. I.. Adress: Tobolsk. Workplace: the Tobolsk State D.I. Mendeleev Social and Pedagogical Academy.

Summary

The article represents pedagogical support of pupils’ social development as a specific sphere of teacher’s activity, teacher in the role of a facilitator and a moderator. The sphere is oriented on the interaction with a pupil: support in personal growth, formation of social-personal competence and socially important personal qualities.

Keywords:

Social development, pedagogical support, social-pedagogical technologies.


Methods and Experience Exchange

The technology of didactic unit enlargement in the distance learning of handicapped children.

Authors:

Yemtsova O. M.. Adress: Elista. Workplace: the Center for training quality of the Republic of Kalmykia.

Vasilieva P. D.. Adress: Elista. Workplace: the Kalmyk State University.

Summary

At the present time the issue of training handicapped children grows out of social, pedagogical, organizational and managerial framework and claims optimization at the methodical level. The article examines the potential of the technology of didactic unit enlargement to teach chemistry under the conditions of the academic time deficit.

Keywords:

Distance learning, chemistry training for handicapped children, didactic units enlargement, comparison and contrast, direct and reverse tasks.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Regarding the problems of methodic training of teachers under the innovative conditions.

Authors:

Surtayeva N. N.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, FUNU ‘IPOOB’ RAO.

Summary

The article considers the changes, observed in recent time in education and chemistry training especially. The article reveals issues demanding solutions in training of a chemistry teacher and having influence on changes in content of the course ‘Methodology of chemistry training’.

Keywords:

Problem area, innovative processes, methodological education.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Conference to the point of “Chemistry and medical materials”

Authors:

Chinaeva V. M.. Adress: the rural community of Aktanysh, the district of Aktanysh, the Republic of Tatarstan. Workplace: Secondary school # 1.

Summary

For the 11th Form students with in-depth study of chemistry we conduct a business role-playing game at a lesson in a scientific conference mode. Students play roles of medical doctors, such as: a cardiologist, a heart surgeon, a general practitioner, a traumatologist, as a pharmacologist and chemists as well. This lesson goal is to show the role the chemical science plays in preparing medical materials.

Keywords:

Chemistry and medicine, polymers, artificial heart.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Sharing the experience of information and computer technology and chemical education content integration

Authors:

Shiryaeva M. U.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Educational center # 1682.

Dovgopol N. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Educational center # 1682.

Summary

The article reflects the experience of using new information technology in the process of chemistry training as creating scientific and research projects in the sphere of natural sciences at Educational center # 1682 as well. IT and content of general and supplementary education integration makes educational process be fascinating and interesting, elevates motivation of learning.

Keywords:

Information technology, digital educational resources.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Organizing workshops on problem solving

Authors:

Levshuk A. N.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: Secondary school # 84.

Summary

The author narrates about conducting workshops for the 8th-11th Form students, at which the author organizes intensive cognitive activity, which encourages the development of the students’ stable skill of problem solving, for which they use a theme complex of didactic materials and card-tasks for teamwork. Amusing tasks causes enormous interest of students.

Keywords:

Workshop, problem solving, alcohols, phenols, matter aroma.


Methods and Experience Exchange

A course on the choice "Chemistry, health and beauty".

Authors:

Orlova I. A.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg.. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia..

Rumyantseva E. M.. Adress: Kirovsk. Workplace: Secondary School # 2.

Korsunova L. S.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: Secondary School “Tutty”.

Summary

The article is about the peculiarities of the inter-subject course on the choice assigned for pre-profile teaching of the 9-th Form students. The authors provided a lesson on "Fats and nutrition".

Keywords:

Inter-subject course on choice, fats, nutrition.


Consultation

Asperities while studying the theme of “Salk Hydrolysis”

Authors:

Shulchus A.. Adress: Kaunas. Workplace: Kaunas University of Technology.

Summary

While studying salt hydrolysis at school more motivated students bring up the questions, which answering requires indepth knowledge of chemistry. The theme digestion also depends on experiments carried out. The laboratory-based works on the subject of “Salt Hydrolysis” has been offered and their theoretical feasibility has been discussed in the article.

Keywords:

Salt hydrolysis, experiment, pH.


Chemical experiment

Forming and developing creative abilities of students at the practical chemistry classes.

Authors:

ShepelevThe development of children’s creative abilities in practical courses of chemistry M. V.. Adress: Ivanovo. Workplace: The Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology.

Summary

The article presents methodological approaches to the formation and development of children’s creative abilities on practical classes in chemistry. It is shown that the use of practice-oriented tasks both during lessons and extracurricular activities in chemistry contribute to the system formation of pupils’ chemical knowledge, develop their figurative and logical abilities, increase motivation to continue studies in chemistry, as well as promote professional self-determination in children.

Keywords:

The formation and development of children’s creative abilities, practice-oriented tasks in chemistry.


Chemical experiment

The study of the chemical composition of animals bone tissue on the chemistry lessons of the elective course.

Authors:

Alekhina Y. A.. Adress: Omsk. Workplace: the Omsk State Pedagogical University.

Summary

In the article we have briefly described chemical composition, structure and functions of bone tissue. Also in our research work we have procedures and results of the students determination of the chemical composition of bone tissue. Our work has a comparative character. As a subjects of our research were selected one tissue of hen, ram, pig and horses. In the composition of animals bone tissue students determined carbon, the cations of calcium Са2+, magnesium Mg2+, iron Fe3+ and phosphorus in the form of phosphate-anion РО43–.

Keywords:

Bone tissue, skeleton function, chemical composition of bone tissue, hardness and mechanical strength, еlasticity, flexibility, оsteoporosis, osteomalacia, rickets, сalcium ion Са2+, magnesium ion Mg2+, iron ion Fe3+, phosphate-anion РО43–, carbon.


Chemical experiment

Chemical experiment on the theme “Genetic relations of organic connetions”.

Authors:

Oparina S. A.. Adress: Arzamas. Workplace: State pedagogical institute it. A. P. Gajdara.

Summary

In the article the author considers the laboratory and home chemical experiment on the extraction and study of the qualitative composition of nucleic acids, which can be used in out-of-class work and scientific-research activity of schoolchildren in Junior and senior classes.

Keywords:

Nucleic acids, nucleoproteins, chemical experiment.


Chemical experiment

influence of motor transport on the environment

Authors:

Marchukova O. YU.. Adress: Engels, the Saratov Region. Workplace: Polytechnic.

Summary

The article provides information on the composition of the emissions from road transport and evidence that the exhaust gases of the cars are one of the sources of environmental pollution. It is shown that, snow cover is a convenient indicator of pollution is not only the atmospheric precipitation, and atmospheric air. Given the results of the study of the chemical composition of the samples melted snow in different parts of the territory of the city. Engels.

Keywords:

Man-caused impact, pollution, environmental problems, toxic substances, motor transport, the chemical composition of emissions, the burning of the fuel.


Chemical experiment

Sharing the experience of organizing research activity of students.

Authors:

Larina S. V.. Adress: Nizhnekamsk, the Republic of Tatarstan. Workplace: Secondary school # 26.

Summary

The most effective way of restoring archive documents from yellowing with the help of natrium borane has been discovered.

Keywords:

Archival documents, bleaching, reducing agent, oxidizing agent, digital laboratory “Archimedes”.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

M. H. Klaproth is an outstanding chemist-analyst.

Authors:

Rogozhnikov S. I.. Adress: Perm. Workplace: Perm State National Research University.

Summary

The life and scientific achievements of the famous German chemist, one of the founders of analytical chemistry, the author of the opening of several chemical elements Martin Klaproth describes in article. Particular emphasis is placed on the discoveries of Klaproth, in particular the discovery of four chemical elements - uranium, zirconium, titanium and cerium. The ideas of Lavoisier and Klaproth on the principles of the names of chemical elements are discussed too.

Keywords:

Martin klaproth, the discovery of chemical elements.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

The word about a teacher

Authors:

Medvedev Yu. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article on the 100th anniversary since the birthday of outstanding chemists and pedagogue B. N. Ivanov-Emin.

Keywords:

B n ivanov-emin.


Post-Curriculum exercises

the Polytechnical Museum exhibit items at the chemistry lessons.

Authors:

Shakirova N. S.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the Polytechnical Museum.

Summary

The reconstruction plan of the historical building of the Polytechnic museum in Novaya Square (Moscow) and forms of functioning of the Museum during this period are described in the paper. The paper also considers examples of the use of exhibits of the Polytechnic museum for the museum classes in chemistry taking into account the transformations described.

Keywords:

Exhibits of the polytechnic museum, museum classes in chemistry, reconstruction of the Polytechnic museum.