Pedagogical measurements in education

Authors:

Guskova M. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Federal Education and Science Supervision Agency Administration.

Summary

The short review of tests development Russian history is presented. The number of innovative transformations in Russian educational system considered in the context of quality assessment in educational system is discussed.

Keywords:

Educational quality, educational modernization, testing, educational measurements, the classical theory, the modern theory, standards of educational and psychological tests.


Chemistry and geometry of molecules

Authors:

Belov D. V.. Adress: Nizhny Novgorod. Workplace: the R.Ye. Alexeev Technical University.

Grabovskiy Y. A.. Adress: Nizhny Novgorod. Workplace: the R.Ye. Alexeev Technical University.

Summary

This article is sanctified to the last achievements of inorganic chemistry in the areas of receipt of new substances, studies of their stereochemical structure and practical application.

Keywords:

Stereochemistry inorganic substances, the cyclic systems are “nitrogen - sulphur”, “phosphorus - sulphur”, “nitrogen – phosphorus”.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Innovative tool to assess the level of student achievement

Authors:

Nechitaylova E.V.. Adress: Tsimlyansk, Rostov region. Workplace: Lyceum №1.

Summary

The article presents an innovative tool to assess the level of student achievement within the competence approach in teaching chemistry. As examples the author proposes the use of contextual problems and competence-oriented tests. The paper presents the design principles of such materials. The author gives example of the control based on the contextual problems on the "Halogen", as well as setting an example of competence-based multiple choice test.

Keywords:

Competence approach, innovative tool, contextual problems, competence-oriented test, multiple choice test, teaching chemistry.


The development of student’s reflective abilities

Authors:

Titov N.A.. Adress: Bryansk. Workplace: The Bryansk state University.

Chernysheva L.A.. Adress: Bryansk. Workplace: Grammar school # 1.

Summary

The article dwell upon the problem of the development of student’s reflective abilities during the practicum of Chemistry teaching technique. It is shown that reflection can be successfully cultivated by means of a chemical experiment, discussion of its results, creation of problematic situations, understanding of the solution. Methods of the reflection’s development are shown by the example of student’s project of experimental procedure “Combination reaction of iron and sulfur”.

Keywords:

Reflection, stereotype, demonstrative chemical experiment, problematic situation, cognitive process.


Research activity as means to form key competencies

Authors:

Besedina L.L.. Adress: rural community Krivodanovka, the Novosibirsk region.

Summary

Research activity is a way to cognition. Students do not get the knowledge sum, but acquire that knowledge as a result of their own activity. As an example a lesson of new material introduction in the 8th Form, where students have been offered the research pattern, is examined.

Keywords:

Key competences, lesson-research, chemical properties of acids.


Lesson on the subject of “Acids”

Authors:

Mammaeva A.M.. Adress: Housing development of Fyedorovsky, the Tyumen region, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Province – Yugra.

Summary

The design of the lesson is offered, at which they introduce ideas about acids, and their composition, names, classification, and physical properties.

Keywords:

Acids, study of acids.


Geometry of molecules: mathematical calculations

Authors:

Milenko N.N.. Adress: Sebastopol. Workplace: Branch of Moscow State University.

Khrustalev A.F.. Adress: Sebastopol. Workplace: Technical University.

Summary

Considered various approaches to solving problems of molecular geometry.

Keywords:

The geometry of the molecules.


Terminology: molecules and formula units

Authors:

Babkov A. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.

Popkov V. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.

Summary

Use of terminus ”molecule” and “formula unit” was considered in this article. The terminus “formula unit”, what is complicated enough and incompletely precise, is suggested to be replased by word “tolika” from Russian language. Definite: the tolika is a conditional particle, including minimal number of atoms which agree with elemental composition of substance which possesses carcass or ionic structure.

Keywords:

Molecule, formula unit, tolika.


Congratulations!

Authors:

Popkov V. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.

Summary

On the jubilee of A. V. Babkov

Keywords:

A v babkov.


The large-grain table “Methods of expressing the concentration of solutions”

Authors:

Ostapenko A.A.. Adress: Krasnodar. Workplace: Kuban State University.

Gavrilenko S.A.. Adress: Krasnodar. Workplace: Polytechnic college.

Summary

There is a large-grain table represented in the article. It is named “Methods of expressing the concentration of solutions”. This table makes the explanation of the material easier for understanding. The table will simplify the independent work of students. This table will allow to students solve many different tasks on this topic.

Keywords:

Intensification of educational process, thickening of educational information, modular visualization, logical-semantic model, concentration of the solutions.


In search of formula

Authors:

Postnikov А.Yu.. Adress: Nizhny Novgorod region, Sarov. Workplace: Russian Federal Nuclear Center – All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics.

Summary

The article covers the basis of calculation methods for the determination of molecular formulas of compound. It is shown that information about the content of even one element in the compound of known or presumptive class is sufficient to determine the true formula of compound.

Keywords:

Chemical formula, molecular (true) formula, empirical (elementary) formula, mass concentration of element.


the State Final Certification: opinions, suggestions, questions

Authors:

Dobrotin D. Yu.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Chemistry Didactics Laboratory of the Institute of the Content and Methods of Teaching Institute, the Russian Academy of Education, the Russian Academy of Education.

Summary

In the article the view of current situation in the chemistry teaching methods and estimation of quality of knowledge of students in the conditions of introduction of new forms of total certification (GIA) is offered. The author focuses his attention on the main questions, exciting teachers; solutions of the revealed problems are offered.

Keywords:

The state total certification in a new form, questions of the contents and the examination organization, methodical approaches to preparation of students, studying of organic chemistry.


Mole Day

Authors:

Borunova E.В.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow Pedagogical State University.

Perevozchikova N.V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: School № 1246.

Summary

The celebrations of Mole Day and National Chemistry Week in the USA and some other countries are described.

Keywords:

Mole day, National Chemistry Week.


Actable tasks to get ready for the Unified State Examination

Authors:

Chinaeva V.M.. Adress: the Republic of Tatarstan. Workplace: Aktanyshskaya secondary school.

Summary

The author offers test tasks and assignments, analogous to those included into the exam, supplying them by the game or competition elements.

Keywords:

Unified state examination (use) (yediniy gosudarstvenniy ekzamen, EGE), State Final Attestation (SFA) (Gosudarstvennaya Itogovaya Attestatsiya, GIA), game, competition, puzzle, crossword.


Lesson on the subject of “Alcohols” in the 9th Form

Authors:

Kokorina N.Yu.. Adress: the Novosibirsk region. Workplace: Stantsionno-Oyashinskaya secondary school.

Summary

The development of the lesson on the subject of “Alcohols” in the 9th Form is offered. There are elements of IT included in the lesson, which allows the time saving, diversification of the work modes, usage of descriptive material, conduction of self-test.

Keywords:

Alcohols, ethanol, glycerin.


The journey into the chemistry world

Authors:

Shepelev M.V.. Adress: Ivanovo. Workplace: the Ivanovo State chemical-engineering university.

Summary

A propaedeutic lesson in the 5-6th Forms on the subject of “The journey into the chemistry world” is developed in accordance with the authorial educational program on the subject and focused on the getting students ready to learn the complicated chemistry material in the senior classes. The philosophy of the offered lesson is an important benchmark in implementing the methodical system of the pedagogical support of gifted children at the propaedeutic stage of the chemistry study.

Keywords:

Introductory chemistry course, the work with gifted children.


Consultation:

Genetically modified food (GM products): pros and cons

Authors:

Khalzova S.A.. Adress: the town of Borisoglebsk, the Voronezh region. Workplace: Technologic and economic training school.

Summary

Biotechnologies, and genetic modification of plants in particular, are one of the engines of the scientific and technical progress. They allow production of new races of plants, which are plant pest resistant and featuring and improved protein and fat composition. The majority of cultivated plants is the result of the artificial selection of species, featuring useful for a human being and useless for a plant itself properties.

Keywords:

The genno-modified products, genetic gun, interspecific hybrids, superproducts.


Chemical experiment

Development of universal educational skills in carrying out the practical work “Preparation Solutions”

Authors:

Dorofeev M.V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the Moscow Institute of Open Education.

Meshcheryakova L.M.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the Moscow Institute of Open Education.

Stupneva Yu.B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary School # 528.

Summary

The technique of two practical works such as “Preparation of the solution contains a certain mass of dissolved substances” and “Preparation of the solution contains the specified molar concentration” is proposed. It involves quantitative measurements, using of digital laboratories. There are new approaches to management of chemical experiment in the lesson to focus on the development of universal educational skills of students, including educational action research, search, selection and use of relevant information.

Keywords:

Chemical experiment, quantitative measurements, research, preparation solutions, mass of dissolved substances, molar concentration, universal educational skills, digital laboratories.


Safety requirements to store chemicals

Authors:

Lavrova V.N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the Institute of the Content and Methods of Teaching Institute, the Russian Academy of Education, the Russian Academy of Education.

Summary

Chemicals are stored in the lab room in the locked sections of cabinets with dead doors (hatches). They use a safe to store poisonous and inflammable matters. Flasks with highly inflammable liquids are placed in the portable metal box, the bottom of which is filled with the sand. When checking chemistry classrooms, the special attention is paid to the chemical reagent storage system, and the existence of the registration log of usage of chemical reagent from the number of precourses.

Keywords:

Rules, chemical storage, chemistry classroom.


Out-of-school activities

Extracurricular activity program “Colored kaleidoscope”

Authors:

Pilnikova N.N.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg.

Summary

The author offers educational program of extracurricular activity for the junior students “Colored kaleidoscope”, which main goal is to provide conditions for intellectual development of the students of junior classes in the field of sciences. The program is based on the knowledge, acquired by students from the course of “The World Around”. The age of children to participate the program implementation is 9-11 years old.

Keywords:

After-hour activities of students, educational program, development of cognitive interest in chemistry.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

Women in alchemy

Authors:

Rogozhnikov S. I.. Adress: Perm. Workplace: The Perm State National Research University.

Summary

Women contribution in alchemy is discussed in article. Data about women-alchemists. The attempts of these women to make gold from base metals, as well as theirs searches of the immortality elixir are considered. Books written by some of these persons are described. The reasons for the limited participation of women in the implementation alchemical experiments are analyzed.

Keywords:

Alchemy, women-alchemists.


Alchemy by Sir Isaac

Authors:

Izyumov I. A.. Adress: the town of Aksay, the Rostov region. Workplace: Grammar school # 3.

Summary

The story about “philosophical mercury” alchemical searches by Sir Isaac Newton is given.

Keywords:

Sir isaac newton, alchemy.