The third All-Russian congress of educators and teachers of chemistry (February 5-7, 2019, Lomonosov Moscow State University)

Authors:

Levina L. S.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Editorial “Chemistry in the school”.

Summary

In February, 2019 at Lomonosov Moscow State University the third All-Russian congress of teachers and teachers of chemistry took place. The Moscow State University and Association of educators and teachers of chemistry were organizers of the congress.

Keywords:

Congress of educators and teachers of chemistry, problems of chemical education, Association of educators and teachers of chemistry.


Role of the Moscow University in the development of chemical science and chemical education in Russia

Authors:

Sadovnichy V. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Summary

The Moscow University makes a great contribution into the development of chemical science and technologies. The Moscow University is engaged into active work with schools, students and teachers within the “MSU for School” program. The Moscow University played an important role in preserving the system of the School Olympiads.

Keywords:

History of chemical faculty of msu, chemical education, school Olympiads, “MSU for School” program.


Official opening ceremony of the International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

Authors:

Sobolev A. E.. Adress: Tver. Workplace: Tver State Technical University.

Summary

The article describes the official opening ceremony of the International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements which took place on January 29, 2019 at UNESCO headquarters (Paris, France). The international recognition of D. Mendeleev's discovery of the Periodic Law and the Periodic Table of chemical elements is noted. It is shown that the holding of the International Year of the Periodic Table of Elements in 2019 contributes to the strengthening of the prestige and popularization of Russian science.

Keywords:

The international year of the periodic table of chemical elements, official opening ceremony, D Mendeleev, Periodic Law, Periodic Table, UNESCO, popularization of Russian science.


Science and Industry

Superheavy Elements of the D. I. Mendeleev’s Periodic Table

Authors:

Dmitriev S. N.. Adress: Dubna. Workplace: Joint Institute for Nuclear Research.

Summary

The current state of the work on the synthesis of superheavy elements with atomic numbers 114–118 has been reviewed. The results of the first experiments devoted to studying the chemical properties of Cn and Fl were discussed. The prospects for the development of these investigations, including the synthesis of elements 119 and 120, have been examined in the light of the construction of the world’s first Factory of Superheavy Elements at the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions in JINR (Dubna, Russia).

Keywords:

Superheavy elements, synthesis reactions, chemical properties of Cn and Fl, prospects for the synthesis of elements 119 and 120.


Science and Industry

How proteins are made and how antibiotics hinder it?

Authors:

Sergiev P. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University, Skoltech, Petrov Institute of Oncology.

Summary

Ribosome is a molecular machine that makes proteins in all living organisms. Ribosome reads information encoded in a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA) by the molecules of transfer RNA (tRNA) carrying specific amino acids. Ribosome polymerizes amino acids forming proteins. The sequence of amino acids in each protein is determined by the sequence of nucleotides in the mRNA. Ribosomal protein synthesis in bacteria is inhibited by many different antibiotics. The review describes the stages of ribosome working cycle and the mechanism of their inhibition by a number of antibiotics.

Keywords:

Ribosome, protein synthesis, antibiotics.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Martyn Poliakoff: scientist and science popularizer

Authors:

Borunova E. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

Sir Martyn Poliakoff became one of guests of honor of the teachers’ congress. His research in the field of supercritical gases and green chemistry, as well as his participation in the project “The Periodic Table of Videos” is described.

Keywords:

Martyn poliakoff, popular science, supercritical fluids, green chemistry, The Periodic Table of Videos.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Natural science versus chemistry, physics and biology

Authors:

Fadeev G. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Bauman Moscow State Technical University.

Dvulichanskaya N. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Bauman Moscow State Technical University.

Karpov G. M.. Adress: Nizhny Novgorod. Workplace: Gymnasium № 1.

Summary

The features of the subject "Natural Sciences 10-11" are considered, problems and possible consequences connected with its introduction at schools are analyzed.

Keywords:

Natural science, FSES, continuity of training at school and higher education institution.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Topical issues of school chemical education quality assessment

Authors:

Dobrotin D. Yu.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Center of Pedagogical Measurements of FIPI.

Summary

The article presents the main issues that have become a topic for discussion at the section devoted to the assessment of the quality of educational training of students in chemistry: the content and procedure of the main and unified state exam, national research on the quality of education, the current state and prospects for improving control measuring materials in chemistry.

Keywords:

Quality assessment system, state final certification, chemistry teaching, chemistry tasks, evaluation system.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Quality of education: from international to Russian research

Authors:

Asanova L. I.. Adress: Nizhny Novgorod. Workplace: Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Education Development.

Summary

When developing the measuring testing materials used in the USE and GSE and also when carrying out the All-Russian Testing and National Researches of Quality of Education, global trends in assessment of educational achievements of students and results of the Russian school students which they show in the international comparative researches of quality of education are considered.

Keywords:

Quality of school education, functional literacy, use of subject knowledge in real life situations.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Our problems we should solve ourselves

Authors:

Akhmetov M.A.. Adress: Ulyanovsk. Workplace: Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University named after I.N. Ulyanov.

Summary

The paper deals with the most important problems facing chemistry teachers of the Russian Federation: tasks of the regional stage of the all-Russian Olympiad, problems of examination of chemistry textbooks. The all-Russian Association of teachers and lecturers of chemistry is presented as an organization capable of effectively overcoming the accumulated problems, thereby improving teaching chemistry in educational institutions of the Russian Federation.

Keywords:

Congress, chemistry teachers, Olympiad, problems, textbooks.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Textbook expertise: the problem requiring the solution

Authors:

Shiparyova G. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary school № 1505.

Hachaturyan R. B.. Adress: Ramensky region. Workplace: Yurovo school.

Chudnova E. I.. Adress: Ramenskoye. Workplace: Secondary school № 4.

Shmeleva L. G.. Adress: Ramenskoye. Workplace: Gymnasium № 2.

Avramchikova M. V.. Adress: Ramenskoye. Workplace: Gymnasium № 2.

Chudinova I. V.. Adress: Kemerovo. Workplace: Kuzbass Regional Institute for Advanced Training and Retraining of Educators.

Summary

The criteria of conducting expertise of textbooks should be revised. It is necessary to provide broad participation of the teachers’ audience, Association of teachers and lecturers of chemistry in conducting expertise of textbooks and to develop the mechanism providing its publicity.

Keywords:

Chemistry textbooks, textbook expertise.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Participants of the Congress about teaching chemistry in the system of secondary professional education

Authors:

Ovsienko L. V.. Adress: Kazan. Workplace: Kazan National Research Technological University.

Summary

The chemical direction in the system of secondary professional education provides employees for the key budget forming industries. However, schools graduates having the low quality of knowledge of chemistry, it affects the level of students’ training in the system of secondary professional education. The existing textbooks on chemical professional disciplines are outdated.

Keywords:

System of secondary professional education, Chemical Technology specialities, special courses of chemistry.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Higher professional education: problems and prospects

Authors:

Uspenskaya I. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Ivanova M. S.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Russian Union of Chemists.

Summary

The important questions of higher education in the field of chemistry, including cooperation of higher education institutions and employers, target training, assessment of quality of training of graduates, professional orientation work at schools, are raised.

Keywords:

Professional education, cooperation of higher education institutions and employers, target training, quality of training of the graduate, State Final Examination.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Problems of continuity of the general and higher education

Authors:

Lisichkin G. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Summary

Problems of continuity of secondary and higher education, including quality of training of applicants, final and entrance tests, correctional courses in chemistry and mathematics for first-year students are considered.

Keywords:

Training in chemistry in higher education institution, entrance tests, correctional courses for students, continuity of training at school and higher education institution.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Topical issues of higher pedagogical education

Authors:

Orzhrkovsky P. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

Participants of the congress discussed a number of topical issues of higher pedagogical education: preparation and selection of applicants, adaptation of first-year students, orientation of teacher training to implementing the requirements of the Teacher professional standard, final assessment of bachelors.

Keywords:

Training of the teacher in higher education institution, correctional courses for students, continuity of training at school and higher education institution, career guidance.


Extracurricular Activities

All-Russian Сhemistry Olympiad: a challenging path to success

Authors:

Archangelskaya O. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Summary

Stages of the All-Russian Olympiad of school students, features of its organization and drawing up tasks as well as training students for participation in the Olympiad are described.

Keywords:

All-russian olympiad for school students, All-Russian Chemistry Olympiad, stages of the Olympiad, preparation for the Olympiads.


Extracurricular Activities

Scalar addition of Olympiads

Authors:

Plastinina N. B.. Adress: Izhevsk. Workplace: Institute for education development of the Udmurstsky republic.

Summary

Problems of training school students and organizing Chemistry Olympiads, the privilege of winners of the Olympiads in entering a higher education institution are considered. Readiness of teachers for identification of gifted pupils and working on their preparation for the Olympiads is discussed.

Keywords:

Olympiads for school students, preparation for the Olympiads, privileges in entering a higher education institution.