The Contribution of the Herzen college chemists to the Great Victory

Authors:

Rogovaya O. G.. Adress: Sankt-Peterburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University.

Orlova I. A.. Adress: Sankt-Peterburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article is about teachers and graduates of the teacher training college of premilitary years who made an invaluable contribution to the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War.

Keywords:

Military and chemical researches, military chemical industry, herzenovtsy-chemists in days of the Great Patriotic War.


Science and Industry

Lead: myth and reality

Authors:

Kal'naya A. K.. Adress: Volgograd. Workplace: Volgograd State University.

Liabin M. P.. Adress: Volgograd. Workplace: Volgograd State University.

Summary

This article in popular scientific form tells the readers about lead as an element of the periodic table with atomic number 82. Data and facts which were previously unknown to a wide audience are provided.

Keywords:

еlement, lead, history of discovery, being in nature, obtaining, properties, application.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Directions of education in the process of learning chemistry

Authors:

Zagranichnaya N. А.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: ICME RAE.

Summary

In the article possible directions of education by a chemistry teacher are discussed. Learning and education are described as an entire process. This approach builds strong background for implementation of educational potential of a school subject and contributes to personality training results.

Keywords:

Education, personality training results, educational potential of a school subject.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On forming educational informational skills

Authors:

Zotova A. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State University of Design and Technology.

Summary

In the present paper we propose some examples of educational tasks which theme is «Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide». This tasks are directed to formation of personal teaching results, development of transdisciplinarity and educational information skills of pupils.

Keywords:

Personal teaching results, transdisciplinarity skills, educational information skills, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide.


Methods and Experience Exchange

How we form and assess logical universal learning activities

Authors:

Kovel M. I.. Adress: Krasnoyarsk. Workplace: Krasnoyarsk krai institute of training and professional retraining of educationalists.

Summary

The article deals with forming of the universal logical learning actions. In the situation of implementation of the State Standart of new generation there is a fundamental change of the evaluation system of the students' study results – so appears criteria-based evaluation that allows to fix the dynamic of Students' achievements and guarantee the objectivity of evaluation. The author suggests the tasks, worked out on the base of the Method of dialectical training, which allows to develop Students' thinking activity at the lesson and the criteria that allow to evaluate objectively Students' achievements.

Keywords:

Criteria-based evaluation, criteria, method of dialectic training, universal logical learning actions, objective evaluation.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Integrated lesson of biology and chemistry

Authors:

Rysetskaya O. P.. Adress: Noyabr'sk. Workplace: Secondary school № 7.

Shalatonina V. V.. Adress: Noyabr'sk. Workplace: Secondary school № 7.

Summary

Creation of a problem situation and integration of chemical and biological knowledge give the possibility not only to solve educational problems, but also to form ideas about interrelation of living and inanimate nature, unity of scientific outlook that promotes development of dialectic thinking of pupils. Active preparation of the experiment by pupils and their self-assessment promote development of interest to getting knowledge. The lesson is aimed at forming health-saving habits in pupils as it convinces them to pay attention to their posture and food. Using a presentation and video at the lesson promotes visualization and up-to-dateness of the educational process.

Keywords:

Integrated lesson, biology, chemistry, composition and structure of bones.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Controlling seminar on the theme “Aldehydes and carbonic acids”

Authors:

Makarov Yu. B.. Adress: Klin district, Moscow region. Workplace: Maleyevka Secondary School.

Summary

The scenario of a controlling seminar for the 10th class is suggested. The seminar is organized after studying the theme "Carbonic Acids". The lesson is divided into five stages. Questions for the seminar are not provided in advance, they are given at the lesson. Students have an opportunity to work individually, in pairs or in a group at a preparatory stage. At all other stages of the lesson students work individually. Such organization of the lesson allows students to gain skills of self-control and self-assessment, increases motivation to training, cultivates independence.

Keywords:

Lesson-seminar, self-study, self-test, self-appraisal.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Lesson “Oxides”

Authors:

Musina F. B.. Adress: Uchaly town in the Republic of Bashkortostan. Workplace: Тhe lyceum № 1.

Summary

One of the ways of getting educational results which are planned by FSES (Federal State Educational Standard) are lessons, which urge pupils (students) to make their own conclusion and think logically. That`s why it`s very important to make a problem for pupils at the beginning of the lesson. This article includes the description of the lesson, the theme is the Oxides. It`s rather important to have a thought-out material, furthermore, to make (сreate) an emotional disposition (tune). The sense of team work (4 students group), a capability of joining theoretical academic studies and practical activity are built up at the lesson.

Keywords:

Federal state educational standard, oxides, team, collective, theoretical studies, practical activity.


Consultation

Element № …“the only one and the most”

Authors:

Babkov A. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.

Popkov V. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.

Filippova A. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.

Summary

The article presents data on the properties and other characteristics of the chemical elements from copper to krypton, most clearly distinguished from all others.

Keywords:

Atom, element, copper, zinc, gallium, germanium, arsenic, selenium, bromine, krypton.


Chemical experiment

Laboratory practical activity “Complex compounds” for additional classes

Authors:

Serokurova Yu. L.. Adress: Kurgan. Workplace: Agricultural Academy named after T. S. Maltsev.

Summary

Various definitions of the concept "complex compounds" are analyzed in the article. Their structure, types of classification, nomenclature, dissociation, stability and ways of destruction of a complex ion are considered. The experimental work allowing to show obtaining and destruction of complexes is presented.

Keywords:

Complex compounds, coordination sphere, complex-forming substance, ligands, coordination number, neutral, cation and anion complex, nomenclature, primary and secondary dissociation, stability constants of complexes, destruction of a complex ion.


Chemical experiment

Research work “Starch. How can we detect it in food?”

Authors:

Dmitrieva A. V.. Adress: Ul'yanovsk. Workplace: Secondary school №73.

Summary

Article is devoted to research of 5 grade students. The topic is "Starch. How can we detect it in food?". The research work was carried out within the framework of extracurricular activities "Chemistry for Beginners".

Keywords:

Chemistry, starch, iodine, experiment, carbohydrate, solute.


Post-Curriculum exercises

The chemistry game “Battleship”

Authors:

Skorochkina O. А.. Adress: Maliy Uzen, Piterskiy district of Saratov region. Workplace: School MaliyUzen.

Summary

Playing activity gives opportunity to increase student’s interest in subject, team work allows to improve the communicative skills of the students. The game “Battleship” can be used as extra-curricular activity. The extra-curricular activity helps the students to become more broad-minded , during this activity the students learn to think creatively, to take their bearings in different situations, to find right answers. This game is aimed to increase student’s interest in subject, to enlarge the knowledge of the information, that had been studied before and it is the way to educate and develop the intellectual skills and personality of the students.

Keywords:

The game, Post-Curriculum exercises, interes, communicative skills.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

Gas attack at Ypres: inglorious anniversary

Authors:

Medvedev Yu. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Borynova E. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article is devoted to the 100th anniversary of the first massive gas attack. The use of poisonous chlorine near Ypres in April, 1915, became the first page in the history of creation and use of chemical weapons. The authors discuss the destiny of the Nobel laureate Fritz Haber known not only as the inventor of an industrial process of synthesizing ammonia, but also as the “father of chemical warfare”.

Keywords:

Fritz haber, synthesis of ammonia, First Word War, Ypres, chemical weapons, chlorine.