On forming tolerant relations in education environment

Authors:

Druzhinina A.Ye.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: The Teachers’ Professional Training Academy.

Summary

The critical task of a current school is forming a human personality as a bearer of humanistic views, and the idea of tolerance in interethnic relations. Tolerant culture is multifold, and it is necessary to build up educational space, taking into consideration at least three components as minimum: readiness of administration of an educational institution to assist teachers in their efforts towards application of the pedagogics of tolerance to the school culture, tolerance of teachers both external and internal, and perception of educational environment by students as tolerant.

Keywords:

Tolerant relations, tolerance, school educational environment.


And what does the law say?..

Authors:

Khmel’kov S. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Senior Expert on legal issues of the Central Committee of the Trade Union of the Education and Science of the Russian Federation.

Summary

Senior Expert on legal issues of the Central Committee of the Trade Union of the Education and Science of the Russian Federation is answering our readers’ questions.


Science and Industry

Chemistry of sweet taste

Authors:

Krolevets A. A.. Adress: Kursk. Workplace: Technical University.

Summary

Recently they often emphasize on the danger of excessive sugar content in food allowance of a man. At present time they search actively for natural vegetative sweet substances of non-carbonic nature, and a number of such compounds have been found and suggested for industrial production. Those compounds are given in the article, and their properties are described.

Keywords:

Sweet taste, glucose, fructose, sucrose, synthetic sweeteners.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Educational and cognitive activity as a source of students’ knowledge

Authors:

Kuznetsova L.M.. Adress: Moscow.

Summary

It is necessary to drive an academic process via organization of own cognitive activity of students. For it to be organized in a right way it is necessary in every subject to mark out specific types of activity, which are genetic for a given sphere of a human cognition. The article offers example of lessons with organized educational and cognitive activity of students.

Keywords:

Educational and cognitive activity, genetic source of knowledge.


Learning activity of students, when studying reactions of ion exchange

Authors:

Deryabina N.E.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: the Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov.

Summary

The methodology of teaching pupils to compose equations of an ionic exchange in electrolytes based on the theory of stage-by-stage (planned) formation of intellectual actions and concepts, according to the activity approach for teaching is discussed here. Components of the skill were determined and then the methodical and teaching complete set including schemes of orientation basis of activity and system of exercises for necessary skills formation were developed. Moreover, the modified range of acids strength was proposed that allows defining products of chemical reactions with multibasic acids and salts, and with acid- similar organic substances.

Keywords:

Ctivity approach, reactions of an ionic exchange, a range of acids strength.


Lesson based on the intersubject and intrasubject links

Authors:

Maqerramov A. M.. Adress: Baku. Workplace: The Baku State University.

Akhverdiyev K. N.. Adress: Baku. Workplace: The Baku State University.

Taqiyev I. B.. Adress: Baku. Workplace: The Baku technical school of food industry.

Summary

Open lesson of application of intersubject and intrasubject links at explanation of study material is considered in the paper. The author shows connection between the disciplines on example of pomegranate fruits. Importance of intersubject and intrasubject links as perception of the study information and also understanding of physical-chemical and biochemical processes in production of provisions are discussed. Influence of biochemical properties of pomegranate and their derivative products on the human organism is described in the article.

Keywords:

Chemistry, biochemistry, intersubject link, integration, intrasubject link, methodology, provisions, food value.


Using elements of business-projecting at chemistry lessons

Authors:

Siusheva G.G.. Adress: Kostroma. Workplace: The regional institute of education development.

Shadrunova M. A.. Adress: the town of Neya, the Kostroma region. Workplace: School № 3.

Summary

With the purpose of preparation of the 9th Form students to study economic disciplines, and to develop their social competences, authors offer them to get acquainted with the methods of the simplest business-projecting at chemistry lessons. The method of conducting a lesson in the 9th Form on the subject of “Silicate industry” using technology “Perspective”, created on the basis of Edw. De Boneau method “Six hats of thinking”, is considered.

Keywords:

Business projecting, silicate industry, “Six hats of thinking”.


A lesson- journey for the 8th Form students

Authors:

Belyaeva L. P.. Adress: the Verkhny Ufaley town, the Chelyabinsk region. Workplace: Secondary School # 1.

Summary

The lesson in the 8th Form on the subject of “Properties of acids, bases, oxides, and salts” in the form of travelling around mainland “Inorganic chemistry”, on which four states are situated: Oxides, Bases, Acids, and Salts, is offered.

Keywords:

A lesson-journey, classes of inorganic compounds.


The first Lesson of Chemistry in the 8th form

Authors:

Abramova S.I.. Adress: Likhoslavl, Tver Region. Workplace: School № 2.

Summary

I suggest the formulation of the first lesson of Chemistry in the 8th form. This lesson should show the children, that Chemistry is an interesting, fascinating subject, but at the same time it demands serious attitude, hard work. At the lesson lots of different forms of work with the pupils are used: discussion, quizzes, games, laboratory tests, demonstrational experiments, stories, displays of video clips. The lesson is accompanied by the computer presentation, displays of video clips of the history of the science, the staging.

Keywords:

Chemistry, the first Lesson of Chemistry.


Role game, or Irreplaceable again

Authors:

Yumacheva D.V.. Adress: the town of Kogalym, Khanty-Mansyisky Autonomous Area- Yugra. Workplace: School № 3.

Summary

The paper tackles the problem of acquiring knowledge and skills in staying healthy through the research conducted at Chemistry classes

Keywords:

Health-saving, research activity, amino acids.


Examples of tasks from Part C

Authors:

Malin A. G.. Adress: Rasskazovo, Rasskazovo District, the Tambov Region.

Summary

Five tasks from Part C, compiled by analogy with tasks of the demo version of the Centralized testing on chemistry of 2010, are offered. They can be used by final-year students while getting ready for the Centralized testing on chemistry.

Keywords:

Tasks of the centralized testing on chemistry.


Chemistry through the eyes of a mathematician

Authors:

Syromyatnikova L. U.. Adress: Chita. Workplace: School № 9.

Summary

A selection of sums for one of the sections of elective course “Chemistry through the eyes of a mathematician” is offered, which allows students to see many of chemical sums are familiar to them from the maths course, and all they need is to use acquainted at other lessons knowledge skilfully.

Keywords:

Elective course, sums.


Consultation

Studies about chemical bond in a school course

Authors:

Nikol’sky A. B.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: University.

Teleshov S. V.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: School № 17.

Summary

The authors pay readers’ attention to contradictions in materials offered to students, and express their own opinion regarding that which is really important for a student to know regarding a chemical bond. A student must not only characterize different types of a chemical bond, but to determine a bond type (a covalent bond or a ion(ic) bond) in specific compounds.

Keywords:

Chemical bond types, oxidation number (oxidation rate), valency, hydrogen bond, electronegativity.


Chemical experiment

Integrative laboratory training

Authors:

Okol’nikov F.B.. Adress: Mocsow. Workplace: School № 126.

Summary

The author studies integration of experimental chemical skills of students at chemistry and biology lessons. Integrative laboratory training based on the idea of integration of similar ways of cognitions at chemistry and biology lessons performs the role of the mean to put integration into practice. Laboratory training contains 27 assignments and consists of three parts.

Keywords:

Chemistry, biology, integration, laboratory training.


How to organize a training research

Authors:

Bespalov P.I.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Open Education Institute.

Dorofeev M.V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Open Education Institute.

Summary

The procedure of the organization of the training investigation, object of which is interaction of copper with the concentrated sulfuric acid is proposed. It is shown that the well known reaction, described in many textbooks, has a number of special features and can be the object of interesting experimental research, which completely on the forces to students, who study elementary chemistry. A series of the represented experiment is aimed for overcoming of formalism in the chemical knowledge of students, development of their skill to observe and to explain the essence of the phenomena, development of their critical thinking. The results, obtained by students, successfully will agree with literature data and convincingly prove the need for integral approach to the studied processes.

Keywords:

The chemical experiment, a training study, the object of experiment, problematic instruction, critical thinking, the formalism of the knowledge, sulfuric acid, copper, side reactions.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

Semenov’s chain reactions

Authors:

Izyumov I. A.. Adress: The town of Aksay, the Rostov region. Workplace: Secondary School # 3.

Summary

This article is about academician N. N. Semenov works in the field of chain reactions and their importance for modern natural sciences.

Keywords:

N n semenov, chain reactions.


Post-Curriculum exercises

Give the planet a chance!

Authors:

Gindina A.G.. Adress: The town of Apatity, the Murmansk region. Workplace: School № 15.

Summary

The author offers a scenario of an integrated (geography, ecology, chemistry) business game, which allows cause-and-effect relation establishing between human being’s activity and its aftermath, generalizing and widening knowledge of students of senior Forms on anthropogenic pollution of the environment, making them think about ways of solving the crisis situation. The game is held in a form of an assize court.

Keywords:

Knowledge integration, business game, anthropogenic pollution of the environment.


Team game “Ecological markings”

Authors:

Anatsko O. E.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: Gymnasia # 399.

Summary

A game for students from 3d up to 7th Forms is offered. It does not only get students acquainted with ecological markings, but will promote development of their abilities to work with information presented in a way of symbols.

Keywords:

Game, ecological markings.