Methods and Experience Exchange

Chemistry in common things

Authors:

Mironova I. I.. Adress: Kazan. Workplace: Secondary school № 89.

Summary

The article presents the author's reflections on the role of chemical experiment in teaching, and the need for disclosure to students of the possibilities of application of their knowledge and skills in practical life.

Keywords:

Linking theory to practice, chemical experiment, chemistry in life, chemistry in common things.


Science and Industry

Соal chemistry in Russia: condition end prospects

Authors:

Volkov V. N.. Adress: Pskov. Workplace: Pskov State University.

Davtyan M. L.. Adress: Pskov. Workplace: Education Centre “Pskov Pedagogical complex”.

Summary

The article describes methods of chemical processing of coal: coking, gasification, hydrogenation, as well as new carbon-based materials.

Keywords:

Соal, coking, gasification, hydrogenation, sorbent, coal pitch, thermocoke.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Teacher communities: problems and prospects

Authors:

Lipatova I.A.. Adress: St.-Petersburg. Workplace: Information and methodical center of the Central district, St. Petersburg.

Summary

Professional self-realization can be achieved through participation in teachers’ communities. It is necessary to perfect new ways of teacher involvement, which would suggest determining the subjects of involvement, principles, key areas and levels of teacher participation in a professional community. In the provision of psycho-social, information and communication, organizational, methodological and legal support social networking communities can be a core element of government and public management.

Keywords:

Social professional teacher communities, motivation to get involved in a professional community, key principles of teacher community involvement, forms and ways of professional community support.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Memes in teaching chemistry

Authors:

Golovner V. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary School № 1259.

Stepanyants S.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University.

Atoyan A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology of Russia.

Summary

Recently memes have become an important part of communicative culture in the network environment. They have considerable didactic potential in promoting students’ motivation and creative activity. Memes are useful as tools of self-diagnostics of the level of knowledge and means of generalization and systematization of the material studied.

Keywords:

Meme, students’ motivation, generalization and systematization of knowledge, diagnostics of level of knowledge, creative independent work of students.


Methods and Experience Exchange

The integrated lesson “The Poisoned Soul”

Authors:

Makarov Y u. B.. Adress: Moscow Region, Klin district. Workplace: Maleevskaya Secondary School.

Summary

The description of the integrated lesson “The Poisoned Soul” is offered. It is based on the discussion of the story “Morphine” by M. A. Bulgakov. The lesson is recommended for the 10th grade and is given when studying the subject “Medicine” on March 1, The International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.

Keywords:

Integrated lesson, drug addiction, drugs, healthy lifestyle.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Professional development of teachers: creative cooperation of lecturers and students

Authors:

Shumilin A. S.. Adress: Tula. Workplace: Tula Region Teaching Staff Skills Development and Retraining Institute.

Summary

Activities based on creative cooperation of chemistry teachers and the lecturer of advanced training courses promote developing creativity of teachers.

Keywords:

Professional development of teachers, creative cooperation of chemistry teachers and the lecturer of advanced training courses.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Factors of success

Authors:

Trushina N. R.. Adress: Perm. Workplace: Secondary school № 100.

Summary

The author’s experience in training students for the Unified State Examination in the field of organic chemistry (the 10th grade) is presented.

Keywords:

Final assessment, students’ motivation, methods.


Methods and Experience Exchange

The system of advanced tasks on the subject “Structure of Atom”

Authors:

Deryabina N. E.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Academy of Additional Professional Education “Prospect”.

Summary

The standardized sets of test tasks on the subject “Structure of Atom” which help automate control and assessment and establish timely feedback for the subsequent correction of students’ knowledge and abilities are offered.

Keywords:

Testing tasks, standardized tests, feedback.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On creating and using original case stories

Authors:

Astafyev S. V.. Adress: Kuznetsk. Workplace: Secondary School № 17.

Summary

The author provides an example of a case story based on materials about the first large-scale use of chemical weapons. Various types of tasks to this text are given.

Keywords:

Сase, story, halogens, chlorine, iodine, chemical weapons, scientists, Haber.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Health saving when training school students in a medical hospital

Authors:

Dzenis A. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: School № 109.

Summary

The article discusses the use of health saving technologies in teaching chemistry to students who are on long-term treatment in a medical hospital.

Keywords:

Teaching chemistry children who are on long-term treatment in a medical hospital, health saving technologies.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On studying the theory of electrolytic dissociation

Authors:

Akhmetov M. A.. Adress: Ulyanovsk. Workplace: USPU named after I. N. Ulyanov.

Summary

The article presents a critical analysis of the presentation of the topic “Theory of electrolytic dissociation” in school chemistry textbooks. There is a discrepancy between the points of view of their authors on some issues of the theory of electrolytic dissociation and double displacement reactions. A new approach to the classification of double displacement reactions based on the observed signs of reactions is proposed.

Keywords:

Theory of electrolytic dissociation, double displacement reaction, teaching methods, secondary school.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On social conditionality of studying of natural science at school

Authors:

Surtaeva N. N.. Adress: St.-Petrersburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia.

Summary

Nowadays special attention should be paid to the social aspect of studying natural science subjects at school.

Keywords:

Social aspect of studying natural science subjects, social conditionality, interactive methods of training.


Extracurricular Activities

On conducting and evaluating the final project

Authors:

Isaev D. S.. Adress: Tver. Workplace: Secondary School № 43.

Sobolev A. E.. Adress: Tver. Workplace: Tver State Technical University.

Summary

The article discusses the ways of using extracurricular activities of students in the preparation of their individual (pair or group) final projects in chemistry, which allows to form the cognitive interest of students and to prepare them for the state final certification. The article presents the possible forms of final projects in chemistry, the typology of chemical projects, the stages of work on the project, the criteria for assessing the level of formation of skills of project activities.

Keywords:

Extracurricular activities of students, admission to the state final certification, cognitive interest, creativity, dialogue, project product, the final project of the student.


Extracurricular Activities

Students’ research “Synergy and antagonism of vitamins and minerals”

Authors:

Proskurina I. K.. Adress: Yaroslavl. Workplace: Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushinsky.

Presnukhina S. S.. Adress: Yaroslavl. Workplace: Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushinsky.

Savko P. S.. Adress: Yaroslavl. Workplace: Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushinsky.

Summary

The article describes the concept of vitamin-mineral complexes, synergism and antagonism of vitamins and minerals. The task for the analysis of vitamin-mineral complexes is provided. This study can be used when conducting optional and elective courses.

Keywords:

Multivitamins, antagonism, synergism, mineral substances.


Extracurricular Activities

Intellectual game “What? Where? When?”

Authors:

Makarova D.A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow Pedagogical State University.

Panina U. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow Pedagogical State University.

Borunova E. B.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow Pedagogical State University.

Summary

The description of an intellectual game 10-graders “Chemistry around Us” is offered. The game helps broaden students’ outlook and stir up their zeal to studies and education.

Keywords:

Game, competition, universal learning abilities, erudition, intelligence.


Extracurricular Activities

Teaching schoolchildren how to use household chemicals safely

Authors:

Nesterova O. O.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow Pedagogical State University.

Summary

Students’ project activity aimed at teaching students how to use household chemicals safely is described. The involvement of parents in this activity is required.

Keywords:

Household chemicals, project activity, collaboration of students and their parents.


Chemical experiment

Nanochemistry: experiments in a school laboratory

Authors:

Menshikov V. V.. Adress: Chelyabinsk. Workplace: South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University.

Sutyagin A. A.. Adress: Chelyabinsk. Workplace: South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University.

Simonova M. Zh.. Adress: Chelyabinsk. Workplace: South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University.

Lisun N. M.. Adress: Chelyabinsk. Workplace: South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article describes the laboratory experiments that demonstrate the properties of nanoscale systems obtained on the basis of chemicals and their mixtures used in everyday life: gelatin, milk, liquid crystals. The presented experiments show a change in the properties of systems related to the size of colloidal particles, with the influence of external factors.

Keywords:

Nanoparticles, colloidal solutions, Tyndall effect, thermochromism.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

Practice-oriented training in history of chemistry at the Chemical Faculty of Moscow State University

Authors:

Baum E. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Lunin V. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Summary

The article describes the new educational approach implemented at the Chemical Faculty of Moscow State University in the course of teaching the history of chemistry in 2018. The aim of the project, realized jointly with the Polytechnical Museum, was to stimulate students’ research thinking in solving historical and chemical problems of experimental orientation. The authors discuss the methodology and practice of this “training scheme”.

Keywords:

Educational project, history of chemistry, chemical tools, artifact, Polytechnical Museum.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

On the history of pH-meters

Authors:

Pankratova Y. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Lomonosov Moscow State University.

Summary

The attribution and historical investigation of one of Moscow Polytechnical museum artifacts, Laboratory Instrument LE-pH-6, is described. A brief survey of history of pH-meters is also presented. The article content has been previously presented at student scientific conference «On the history of chemical instrumentation and industrial processes», organized by Chemical Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University and Moscow Polytechnical Museum.

Keywords:

Ph-meter, Laboratory Instrument LE-pH-6, history of pH-meter, Polytechnical Museum artifacts.