From reforming the content of education to educational and methodical complexes in chemistry

Authors:

Levina L. S.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: “Chemistry at School” Journal Editing Board.

Summary

The Editor-in-chief presents a new project aimed at demonstrating various materials of publishing houses producing educational and methodical complexes in chemistry.

Keywords:

Content of education, educational and methodical complex in chemistry.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Active forms of teaching in the context of integration of natural sciences

Authors:

Aksenova I.V.. Adress: Lipetsk. Workplace: Lipetsk region “Institute for the Development of Education”.

Summary

The article is devoted to the relationship of the content of students’ cognitive activity and active forms of classroom and extracurricular activities in the context of integration of natural sciences. The proposed educational model of classroom and extracurricular activities aimed at the formation and development of cognitive ability of students includes the combination of lessons, theater, sports, individual classes, excursions and trips, social projects and a variety of other activities providing the conditions for the preservation of health and the achievement of high results of training and education in accordance with the requirements of the GEF.

Keywords:

Types of cognitive activity, active forms of classroom and extracurricular activities, development of professional competence of teachers.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Didactic tasks for forming and developing cognitive universal learning abilities

Authors:

Klinova M. N.. Adress: Perm. Workplace: Perm Institute of Education Development.

Summary

The article describes productive tasks directed at forming and developing such important intellectual operations as the ability to compare, classify and determine series of objects. The didactic tasks discussed in the article cover various topics of the chemistry course studied in secondary schools (8-11 grades). They may be used by chemistry teachers either as ready-made tasks for students or as the sample for composing authors' tasks in the process of teaching chemistry.

Keywords:

Universal learning abilities, productive tasks, comparison, seriation, classification.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Forming and evaluating logical universal learning abilities

Authors:

Nepeina T. A.. Adress: Vilegodsk, Archangelsk region. Workplace: Vilegodsk Secondary School.

Summary

Individual criteria-based productive tasks for forming, developing and evaluating students’ logical universal learning abilities are given. They are aimed at the achievement of personal and meta-subject results of training. For each task the criteria for evaluation of formation of logical informative actions are described.

Keywords:

Logical universal learning abilities, tasks, assessment criteria.


Methods and Experience Exchange

We teach to study independently

Authors:

Novoshinsky I. I.. Adress: Moscow.

Novoshinskaya N. S.. Adress: Moscow.

Summary

The authors of the methodical and educational complex tell the readers about the features of their textbooks and results of their use in school practice.

Keywords:

Educational and methodical complex, general school, secondary school.


Methods and Experience Exchange

When studying is easy

Authors:

Golodnikova N. V.. Adress: Klimovsk, Moscow region. Workplace: Gymnasium.

Summary

The author discusses the importance of carrying out a propaedeutic course of chemistry and the experience of organizing classes in the 7th grade.

Keywords:

Propaedeutic course of chemistry, chemical experience, solutions, mixtures, oxides.


Methods and Experience Exchange

About the development of interest in the subject in seventh-graders

Authors:

Maslennikova L. V.. Adress: Avdon, Ufa region, Bashkortostan. Workplace: Avdon Secondary School.

Summary

Studying initial chemical concepts in the 7th grade gives the chance to ease the off the program of the 8th class, to awaken interest in school students and to reveal personal inclinations to this science.

Keywords:

Propaedeutic course of chemistry, elements and compounds, metals, nonmetals.


Methods and Experience Exchange

About educational and didactic tools for the course of organic chemistry

Authors:

Aslanukova M. M.. Adress: Cherkessk, Karachay-Cherkess Republic. Workplace: Republican Institute of Professional Development of Educators.

Etlukhova I. U.. Adress: Cherkessk, Karachay-Cherkess Republic. Workplace: Gymnasium № 5.

Summary

For those pupils wishing to study chemistry at the advanced level we have chosen the educational and methodical complexrs by I. I. Novoshinsky and N. S. Novoshinskaya. Both teachers and school students note their advantages. Besides, comprehensive auxiliary materials to these textbooks are provided.

Keywords:

Advanced studying of organic chemistry, ways of obtaining and properties of alkynes.


Methods and Experience Exchange

From the experience of studying metals

Authors:

Shmelyova L. G.. Adress: Ramenskoye, Moscow region. Workplace: Gymnasium № 2.

Summary

The description of a lesson “General characteristics and ways of obtaining metals” (10th or 11th grade, advanced level) is given. The lesson is aimed at developing systematic and deep students’ knowledge he structure of atoms of metallic elements, the abundance of metals in nature and ways of their obtaining; comparing structures of atoms of metallic and nonmetallic elements.

Keywords:

Advanced chemistry studies, general characteristic of metals, independent work of students.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Lesson-overview “Transitional Elements”

Authors:

Sadaylo E. V.. Adress: Abinsk, Krasnodar region. Workplace: Secondary School № 4.

Summary

The author offers a lesson at which samples of the Unified State Exam tasks on chemical properties of d-elements (copper, iron, zinc, chrome and manganese) are discussed.

Keywords:

Transition elements, d-elements, properties of transition metals and their compounds.


Consultation

Principles of industrial ecology in solving environmental problems

Authors:

Grachev M. K.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Orzhekovsky P. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The principles of industrial ecology which are considered in the organization of modern production sites of chemical industry are described in the article.

Keywords:

Principles of chemical technology, environmental problems, green chemistry, recycling.


Chemical experiment

Research experiments with iron(III) compounds

Authors:

Biryukova E. G.. Adress: Volgograd. Workplace: Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University.

Savin G. A.. Adress: Volgograd. Workplace: Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University.

Summary

The authors offer research experiments involving compounds of iron(III) and inorganic as well as organic reagents. The experiments are recommended for elective courses and chemical clubs.

Keywords:

Specialized education, chemical experiment, iron(III) compounds, qualitative reactions.


Chemical experiment

Chemical experiments with pancreatic enzymes

Authors:

Yakovishin L.A.. Adress: Sevastopol. Workplace: Sevastopol State University.

Summary

The article describes the methods of chemical experiments with pancreatic enzymes isolated from drugs (Mezym forte et al.): cleavage of glycoside, peptide and ester bonds as well as inactivation. The features of pancreatic enzymes specificity are considered.

Keywords:

Chemical experiments, pancreatic enzymes, amylase, lipase, protease, Mezym forte.


Chemical experiment

Determining the quality of food with classical analytical methods

Authors:

Igosheva E. V.. Adress: Perm. Workplace: Secondary School № 109.

Trapeznikova N. N.. Adress: Perm. Workplace: Perm State Agro-Technological Unicersity named after Academician D. N. Pryanishnikov.

Summary

The study of natural sciences, including chemistry, is the foundation of training specialists in the areas of veterinary and zootechnie. One of the tasks of training future specialists is mastering the methods of examining the quality of food, but the new "GEF 3+" reduces the hours for the subject studied, which makes it difficult to train competent specialists. Therefore, it is important to motivate students to master their skills in chemistry and increase their cognitive activity.

Keywords:

Proteins, fats, carbohydrates, express methods.


Extracurricular Activities

The program «Chemistry for the Curious»

Authors:

Isaev D. S.. Adress: Tver. Workplace: Secondary School № 43.

Sobolev A. E.. Adress: Tver. Workplace: Tver State Technical University.

Pak M. S.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University.

Summary

This article presents the program of extracurricular activities aimed at the formation of schoolchildren’s cognitive interest to chemistry and the achievement of value results of education as well as metasubject and subject ones. This program will allow a teacher to build the educational process in the logic “from lesson to extracurricular activities” in accordance with the leading idea “from the knowledge to the interest”. The program has a modular design. Its structure meets all the necessary requirements.

Keywords:

Program of extracurricular activities, extracurricular activities among scholars in chemistry, cognitive interest to chemistry, meta-subject and subject results of education, leading idea “from knowledge to interest”.


Extracurricular Activities

Testing cottage cheese quality

Authors:

Volkov V. N.. Adress: Pskov. Workplace: Education Centre “Pskov Pedagogical complex”.

Volkova L. A.. Adress: Pskov. Workplace: Education Centre “Pskov Pedagogical complex”.

Summary

The article describes procedures and results of measuring pasteurization efficiency, content of calcium and phosphorus in cottage cheese. Cottage cheese «Prostokvashino» with fat content of 2% and 5%, produced by joint-stock company «Danone Russia» was a test subject.

Keywords:

Cottage cheese, pasteurization, calcium, phosphorus, methods of volumetric and spectrophotometric analysis.


Extracurricular Activities

Practice-oriented project “Plant pigments”

Authors:

Lygin S. A.. Adress: Birsk. Workplace: Birsk branch of the Bashkir State University.

Krasnova A. O.. Adress: Birsk. Workplace: Birsk branch of the Bashkir State University.

Purina E. S.. Adress: Birsk. Workplace: Birsk branch of the Bashkir State University.

Summary

The authors describe a technique for the determination of flavonoids and anthocyanins in rose petals by characteristic reactions and the method of paper chromatography.

Keywords:

Flavonoids, anthocyanins, chromatography, pigments.