The cognitive approach as a basis of developing professionalism of teachers

Authors:

Nechitaylova E. V.. Adress: Tsimlyansk, Rostov region. Workplace: Liceum № 1.

Summary

The main purpose of the article is to demonstrate the importance of cognitive science for the developing teacher professionalism. The author focuses on the features of the current stage of development of the education system, pointing to the need for knowledge in the field of practical psychology and physiology of the modern teacher.

Keywords:

Cognitive science, educational technology, practical psychology, physiology, educational tools.


Consultation

Chemistry without logical gaps. The reaction rate and chemical equilibrium.

Authors:

Manuilov A. V.. Adress: Novosibirsk. Workplace: Institute of Educational Research of Gifted Children Russian Academy of Education, Special Educational Scientific Center of Novosibirsk State University.

Summary

The paper discusses methodological difficulties in learning at school the topic «The chemical reaction rate and chemical equilibrium». The methods of finding the kinetic equations and determining the reaction rate constant. An illustrative example of material on some of the kinetic parameters of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions. The role of the activation energy in chemical reactions. Are examples of tasks on the reaction rate and chemical equilibrium.

Keywords:

Rate of a chemical reaction, the law of mass action, kinetic equation, homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions, rate constant, order of reaction, elementary reaction, activation energy, catalysis, chemical equilibrium, the equilibrium constant.


Methods and Experience Exchange

For teachers and students about the Unified State Exam-2016

Authors:

Kaverina A. A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Federal commission of the KIM Unified State Examinations developers in chemistry.

Snastina M. G.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Federal commission of the KIM Unified State Examinations developers in chemistry.

Summary

The structure of the Unified State Examination model-2016 is considered in the article. Comments to the changes accepted in comparison with the exam-2015 are given. Characteristics of KIM for carrying out Unified State Examination in 2016 and tasks which will be included in examination-paper options as well as general recommendations on performing tasks of various types are provided.

Keywords:

The unified state examination-2016 measuring materials, changes in the examination model, tasks, level of complexity of tasks.


Methods and Experience Exchange

What the study complex for the elective course should be

Authors:

Gorbenko N. V.. Adress: Nizhniy Novgorod. Workplace: Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Education Development.

Summary

The article presents the study complex for the elective course for the 11-graders «Chemical aspects of the ecology».

Keywords:

School chemical education, elective course, chemistry, ecology.


Methods and Experience Exchange

System- activity approach to studying hydrogen

Authors:

Gnatenko E. V.. Adress: Saratov. Workplace: Saratov State University named after N. G. Chernyshevsky.

Pichugina G. A.. Adress: Saratov. Workplace: Saratov State University named after N. G. Chernyshevsky.

Kalashnikova I. A.. Adress: Saratov. Workplace: Saratov State University named after N. G. Chernyshevsky.

Summary

This article is presented in the form of the material for an unconventional lesson on "Hydrogen". The lesson is based on a system- activity approach, taking into account students' learning styles. This material can be used at the lessons in grades 8 and 9, 11.

Keywords:

Learning styles, lesson synopsis, hydrogen, teaching methods.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Assimilation of new knowledge: immersion lesson

Authors:

Afonina R. F.. Adress: Krasnogorsk district, Altai region. Workplace: Krasnogorsk secondary school.

Bogdanova S. A.. Adress: Krasnogorsk district, Altai region. Workplace: Krasnogorsk secondary school.

Summary

Authors offer an integrated lesson of chemistry and physics on the theme "Physical and chemical properties of water". It is the immersion lesson structured on the basis of integrated technology. The teacher of physics helps revise and expand pupils’ knowledge of physical properties of substances on the example of water, the teacher of chemistry begins teaching chemical properties of water.

Keywords:

Immersion lesson, water, physical properties, chemical properties, studying new material.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Generalization of knowledge on the theme «Nonmetals»

Authors:

Shishina V. V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary school № 1250.

Summary

The purpose of the lesson is the search for unconventional forms of generalization of a large amount of material. To achieve the purpose, interdisciplinary communication, creative activities, practical skills of students are used. The lesson encourages student's ability to establish logical connections, to move from particulars to generals. A variety of teaching methods (verbal, illustrative, descriptive, problem and search) makes the lesson modern and developing. The proposed form of the lesson is universal, because it can be used in studying any subgroup of elements.

Keywords:

Non-metallic materials, synthesis, general and particular, properties of substances, genetic connection.


Methods and Experience Exchange

From experience of organizing revision and generalization of the material

Authors:

Zhuravleva Т. А.. Adress: Saint-Petersburg. Workplace: Secondary school № 309.

Summary

This paper is for chemistry teachers teaching 9-graders, but can be used for generalizing the material in the course of secondary school and preparing students for final exams. There are 10-12 exercises of this type in each block. Each of them is devoted to one chemical element and substances containing this element. They are aimed at consolidating the students' knowledge of such issues as the structure of the atom, the position of the element in the periodic table of chemical elements, physical and chemical properties of substances, as well as their production and use. Teachers can use these exercises for homework or tests.

Keywords:

«true-false» type exercises, structure of the atom, position of the element in the periodic table of chemical elements, physical and chemical properties of the substances, production and use of the substances.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Cognitive technology: tasks for the diagnostics of learning results

Authors:

Vaganova A. V.. Adress: Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk region. Workplace: Secondary school № 90.

Summary

The article gives examples of tasks for the diagnosis of learning by students using techniques "analog", search for the essential features of the work with the "Concept map", "Exclusion of excess", "Multiple Choice" on the theme "Оxygen-containing organic substances."

Keywords:

Tasks, method of analog, search the essential features, "Concept map", "Exclusion of excess", "Multiple Choice", oxygen-containing organic substances.


Chemical experiment

About studying chemical properties of solutions

Authors:

Toletova M. K.. Adress: Sankt-Peterburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University.

Borisov A. N.. Adress: Sankt-Peterburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University.

Filonova K. Y.. Adress: Sankt-Peterburg. Workplace: Herzen State Pedagogical University.

Gulyaeva E. V.. Adress: Sankt-Peterburg. Workplace: Liceum № 579.

Summary

The article considers the issues of studying chemical properties of solutionsin high school chemistry course. In the article there are also presented additional information on the osmotic phenomena. Particular attention is paid to the demonstration and laboratory experiments in systems with a semipermeable membrane.

Keywords:

Solution, solvent, diffusion, osmosis.


Chemical experiment

“Home chemistry”: how to identify and reduce the danger of the use of chemicals in everyday life

Authors:

Makarova A. S.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia.

Vasileva E. G.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia.

Summary

The authors offer information and educational materials for students of different age groups on “Hazardous chemicals in the home”.

Keywords:

сhemistry in everyday life, hazardous chemicals in everyday life, the information and education materials, training cards.


Post-Curriculum exercises

The teatral lesson for high school students «Remembering the Past»

Authors:

Sergeeva E. P.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Educational complex of design and technologies.

Summary

The theatrical lesson in chemistry in the 10th form is based on the integration of knowledge in chemistry, history, literature, music and allows us to consolidate the knowledge on "Diene hydrocarbons" (S. V. Lebedev synthesis - obtaining butadiene from alcohol, production of butadiene rubber), and to recall the pages of history associated with the Great Patriotic War. The lesson promotes active, comprehensive assimilation of knowledge, develops communication skills and creative abilities of students, allows to consolidate facts in the emotional and memorable way that is a necessary part of self-awareness of a citizen and patriot of his Motherland.

Keywords:

Butadiene rubber, alcohol, chemical industry, chemicals plant, tyre, military aircraft, lorry, artillery shell, chemical troops, smokescreen.


Post-Curriculum exercises

Talk-show “Chemistry yesterday, today and tomorrow”

Authors:

Sadrieva G. K.. Adress: Kazan. Workplace: Gimnasium № 155.

Summary

A scenario of the extracurricular school event “Chemistry yesterday, today and tomorrow” held as a talk-show with the students of the eleventh grade is suggested. Such forms as computer presentations and videos prepared by the students are used in the show. High school students enjoy this type of activities where they can have a heated discussion, express their opinions and dispute their views.

Keywords:

Extracurricular school event, talk-show, chemistry.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

The predecessor of the atomic age

Authors:

Rogozhnikov S. I.. Adress: Perm. Workplace: State National Research University.

Summary

The article describes the life and work of the famous German chemist and physicist Ida Noddack. Her main research related to the field of inorganic chemistry, geochemistry of rare and dispersed elements, space chemistry and X-ray analysis. Mainly Ida famous two important achievements in science - together with her husband Walter Noddack she opened a new chemical element rhenium and went down in history as a scientist, first suggested the idea of nuclear fission of uranium by neutrons.

Keywords:

Biography i noddaсk, opening rhenium, fission of uranium by neutrons.