System of education of the Leningrad region: concertual guidelines and approaches to designing changes

Authors:

Tarasov S. V.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: Committee for General and Professional Education of the Government of Leningrad region.

Summary

Chairman of the Committee for General and Professional Education of the Government of Leningrad region presents the regional issue of the journal containing the unique experience of chemistry teachers and educators of the Leningrad region.

Keywords:

Leningrad region, system of education, professionalism, quality of education, quality of life.


Science and Industry

Chemical complex of the Leningrad region: history and prospects

Authors:

Istomina E. A.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: Leningrad Regional Institute of Education Development.

Summary

The article gives a brief description of the two industrial giants of chemical and petrochemical industry of the Leningrad region. The history of creation of the plants as well as factors defining their location are discussed, the main sources of raw materials are listed. The products manufactured are described.

Keywords:

Chemical industry, petrochemistry, production of mineral fertilizers, Leningrad region.


Science and Industry

Molecules of the XXI century

Authors:

Karzova A. A.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: St. Petersburg University, Academic Gymnasium (St. Petersburg University).

Summary

Several examples of organic molecules with unusual properties and structure (ferrocene, crown compounds, dendrimers) are described. Special attention is paid to new allotropic modifications of carbon, their discoveries, properties, structures and application.

Keywords:

Crown-ethers, dendrimers, ferrocene, fullerene, nanotubes, graphene.


Methods and Experience Exchange

On assessing educational results

Authors:

Shatalov M. A.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: Leningrad Regional Institute of Education Development.

Summary

The article is devoted to questions of assessment of subject and metasubject educational results which should be achieved in the learning process of each subject according to the Federal State Educational Standard of General Education (FSES GE). The main emphasis is placed on evaluating the level of formation of universal educational actions as an essential component of metasubject educational results.

Keywords:

Subject, metasubject and personal educational outcomes, system of assessment of educational results, assessment parameters, metasubject tasks, self-esteem, modern assessment systems.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Inquiry-based method in studying chemical reactions

Authors:

Degtyar L. N.. Adress: Voiskovitsy, Gatchinskiy district, Leningrad region. Workplace: Voiskovitsy secondary school №1.

Summary

The article presents an author’s version of a lesson on the theme «Chemical reaction» (8th grade) according to the requirements the Federal State Educational Standard of General Education (FSES GE). The lesson is based on а metasubject technology of forming students’ universal educational actions in the learning process.

Keywords:

Problem-based chemistry lesson, chemical reactions, conditions and signs of chemical reactions, exothermic and endothermic reactions.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Lesson on the theme «The many faces of carbon»

Authors:

Mordvinova N.V.. Adress: Luga. Workplace: Secondary school №4.

Summary

The article presents an author's version of a lesson on the theme «The many faces of carbon» (9th grade) according to the requirements the Federal State Educational Standard of General Education (FSES GE). The lesson is meant to be conducted in the computer class, to promote formation of ICT-competence of students in learning chemistry.

Keywords:

сhemistry lesson, ICT-technologies at chemistry lessons, carbon as a chemical element, redox duality of carbon, allotropy of carbon.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Using chemical problems in forming a culture of a healthy and safe lifestyle

Authors:

Chekmareva A. M.. Adress: Sosnovy Bor. Workplace: Secondary school №7.

Summary

The article describes the author’s experience in protecting and promoting students’ health while teaching chemistry in secondary school, in particular in solving calculation and qualitative tasks.

Keywords:

Culture of a healthy and safe lifestyle, school health-protecting activities of a chemistry teacher, chemical problems with a health-oriented context.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Redox reactions in organic chemistry

Authors:

Bashmakov V. J.. Adress: Tihvin. Workplace: Lyceum №8.

Summary

The article considers redox reactions involving organic compounds. Special attention is paid to the peculiarities of oxidation of organic compounds and the genetic relationship between them. The author offers a set of tasks on this issue based on the Unified state examination (USE), entrance exams at the Faculty of Chemistry (Moscow State University) and Olympiads of various levels.

Keywords:

оrganic chemistry, redox reactions, oxidation of hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, genetic relationship between the main classes of organic compounds.


Methods and Experience Exchange

Teaching to solve problems: how to define the types of forming salts

Authors:

Zurikova S. V.. Adress: St.Petersburg. Workplace: Leningrad Regional Institute of Education Development.

Summary

The article presents a mathematical method to solve tasks on solutions involving definition of the type and composition of produced salts – acidic and medium. The proposed method reduces the time required and simplifies the way to solve these tasks and can be useful in preparing students for Unified state examination (USE).

Keywords:

Chemical tasks, solutions, acidic and medium salts, methods of solving problems on the theme «Solutions», mathematical method to solve tasks.


Chemical Experiment

Experimental tasks in studying the topic «Hydrolysis of salts»

Authors:

Vvedenskaya A. G.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: Leningrad Regional Institute of Education Development.

Summary

The article presents a set of differentiated experimental tasks on the topic «Hydrolysis of salts». The tasks given can be used for laboratory experiments and demonstrations as well as practical work in studying chemistry (at foundation and higher tiers). Tasks for home experiment on the topic are offered as well.

Keywords:

Chemistry experiment, home experiment, hydrolysis, determination of pH of salt solutions in hydrolysis, factors influencing the equilibrium shift of hydrolytic reactions, comparative characteristics of the degree of hydrolysis, effect of the reversible hydrolysis of salts on the direction of chemical reactions, complete irreversible hydrolysis of salts.


Chemical Experiment

Capabilities of school natural science laboratory in organizing students’ research activity

Authors:

Semenova Е. А.. Adress: Gatchina. Workplace: Secondary school №9.

Summary

The article describes the experience of organizing a school natural science laboratory. Opportunities provided by the use of modern equipment for organizing classroom and extracurricular activities in chemical and biological classes are discussed.

Keywords:

School natural science laboratory, sensors, digital microscope, scanning probe microscope, chemical workshop, students’ projects and research in chemistry.


Extracurricular Activities

On accompaniment of students’ project activity

Authors:

Tkachenko L. T.. Adress: Gatchina. Workplace: Gatchinskiy lyceum №3.

Summary

The article presents the experience of the author’s regular work on the formation of students’ experience of project activity in a subject domain «Chemistry».

Keywords:

Project, project activities, students’ projects in chemistry.


Extracurricular Activities

Interdisciplinary game «Eruditsion»

Authors:

Zhalova E.V.. Adress: Gatchina. Workplace: Gatchinskiy lyceum №3.

Summary

The article presents the experience of teachers of the Gatchina municipal district of Leningrad region on preparation and conducting an interdisciplinary game «Eruditsion». The game for 8th-graders is based on the material of physics, chemistry, biology, geography courses. Several tasks used in the game are provided.

Keywords:

Didactic games, intellectual marathon, interdisciplinary game «Eruditsion».


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

Aniline: from the history of substance to studying it at school

Authors:

Levkin A. N.. Adress: St. Petersburg. Workplace: Academy of Postgraduate Pedagogical Education of St.-Petersburg.

Summary

The article presents the author’s experience of teaching the material about aniline in grade 10, with the active use of historical material. The author examines the chemistry problems that scientists solved in XIX-XX centuries.

Keywords:

Historical approach to teaching chemistry, aniline, synthesis of dyes, drugs and explosives.