Entering New Year not without troubles

Authors:

Levina L.S.. Adress: Moscow.

Summary

The editor-in-chief reflects on reorganization in the system of education.

Keywords:

The educational system.


Science and Industry

The Nobel Laureates in Chemistry 2010

Authors:

Levina L.S..

Summary

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010 was awarded jointly to scholars from Japan and the USA: to Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi (in the Russian-language scientific literature his last name is spelled as «Negishi») and Akira Suzuki "for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis".. The Nobel Committee for Chemistry clarifies on the scholars «have developed new, more effective ways of cross coupling of atoms of carbon for synthesis of compound molecules, which can make our everyday life better».

Keywords:

The nobel prize, cross-combination reactions, catalysis, palladic catalyst, selectivity.


Methods and Experience Exchange

The Unified State Examination-2011: documents to govern structure and content of controlling and measuring materials

Authors:

Kaverina A.A.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: The Head of the Federal Commission on developing controlling and measuring materials to conduct the Unified State Examination.

Summary

The article contains the circumstantial information on the official documents to be prepared by the Federal Commission on developing controlling and measuring materials to conduct the Unified State Examination on chemistry in 2011, such as: the codificator of elements of content and requirements to the level of preparation of graduates of the general educational institutions, the specification, and the demo-version of the controlling and measuring materials. The plan of exam paperwork of the Certified State Exam of 2011 is also offered. Those materials will help a teacher to get an academic process oriented on mastering the school course of chemistry by students more effectively as to get those who are about to finish school to pass the Unified State Exam on Chemisry-2011 successfully as well.

Keywords:

The unified state exam, controlling and measuring materials, standarddocuments.


On studying the Markovnikov’s rule

Authors:

Samoylov I.V.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: Secondary School № 419.

Medvedev Yu. N.. Adress: Moscow. Workplace: The Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Summary

The article deals with Markovnikov’s rule which predicts the direction of addition reactions of HX type polar molecules to double and triple carbon- carbon bonds. The modern treatment of Markovnikov’s rule on the basis of static and dynamic approaches is given. The article is supplied with the exercises checking the correct use of Markovnikov’s rule by students.

Keywords:

Markovnikov’s rule, inductive effect, carbocation, Kharasch peroxideeffect.


The textbook we choose

Authors:

Levina L.S..

Summary

The authors of textbooks, included into the active Federal list of textbooks, recommended by the Ministry of Education and Science to use in the educational process in educational institutions, answer the editorial staff questions.

Keywords:

Chemistry textbook, educational kit.


The lesson on the subject of “Ferrum and its compounds”

Authors:

Bogomolova V.S.. Adress: The village of Krasnaya Gorka (the Red Hill), the Penza region. Workplace: Secondary School.

Summary

The lesson, during which the 9th Form students get the complete idea about ferrum as a chemical element as a substance and its compounds as well, is offered.

Keywords:

Lesson, ferrum (iron), ferrum (iron) compounds.


Sharing the experience of conducting lessons in the 8th Form

Authors:

Chikulaeva L.I.. Adress: The town of Oktyabr’sk, the Samara region. Workplace: Secondary School №2.

Lagunova S.Yu.. Adress: Vologda. Workplace: Secondary School №30.

Anikina I.N.. Adress: The town of Oktyabr’sk, the Samara region. Workplace: Secondary School # 9 “Educational Center”.

Summary

Designs of lessons on the subject of “The most important classes of inorganic compounds”, and using health-saving technologies, in particular, are offered.

Keywords:

Health-savingtechnologies, classes of inorganic matters, studying a newmaterial, acids.


Role-playing game “Influencing man’s health by medical drugs”

Authors:

Kuzmina O. Vl.. Adress: Murmansk. Workplace: Polytechnic Lyceum.

Belyaeva Ye. J.. Adress: Murmansk. Workplace: Polytechnic Lyceum.

Summary

The offered role-playing game allows not only to extend and make the students’ knowledge on the subject of “Carboxylic Acids” be more profound, but also to discover the role of chemical knowledge to decide important issues, and to conduct profession oriented work. Students play roles of medical doctors of a chemical and biological laboratory (two groups), expert commission members (two groups), two patients, while a teacher plays the role of an ambulance doctor-in-chief.

Keywords:

Simulation game, medical supplies, man’s health.


Cross-subject connections as the basis to develop active cognitive activity

Authors:

Tagiev I.B.. Adress: Baku. Workplace: The Baku State University.

Summary

Open lesson of application of intersubject and intrasubject links at explanation of study material is considered in the paper. The author shows connection between the disciplines on example of oliver fruits. Importance of intersubject and intrasubject links as perception of the study information and also understanding of physical-chemical and biochemical processes in production of provisions are discussed. Influence of biochemical properties of oliver and their derivative products on the human organism is described in the article. Increase of cognitive activity of the students with application of open lesson based on intersubject and intrasubject relations is discussed in the paper.

Keywords:

Chemistry, biochemistry, intersubject link, integration, intrasubject link, methodology, provisions, food value, cognitive activity.


The way we solve tasks to determine the organic substance formula

Authors:

Golovanova N.A.. Adress: Surget, the Tyumen’ region. Workplace: Secondary School № 8.

Summary

The article offers one of the ways of task-solutions, when determining the formula of an organic substance.

Keywords:

Calculation tasks, determining the organic matter formula.


Consultation

Metal corrosion: theory and practice

Authors:

Strokatova S.F.. Adress: Volgograd. Workplace: Volgograd State Technical University.

Lavnikova I.V.. Adress: Volgograd. Workplace: Volgograd State Technical University.

Androsjuk E. R.. Adress: Volgograd. Workplace: Volgograd State Technical University.

Summary

Minor corrosion of any part may be completely disabling devices and equipment. Very large losses due to corrosion - decreased productivity and life of the equipment, increases its accidents, broken processes. In connection with this investigation of the mechanism of corrosion process and develop methods to protect against it are of great economic importance.

Keywords:

Metals, metal corrosion, chemical corrosion, electro-chemical corrosion, galvanic coupling, anti-corrosion measures (ways of struggling againstcorrosion).


Chemical experiment

Monitoring environmental pollution according to the physical and chemical soil behavior

Authors:

Tereshchenko O.V.. Adress: Murmansk. Workplace: The Pedagogical University.

Ryazantseva M. V.. Adress: The town of Gatchina, the Leningrad region. Workplace: The Gatchina Gymnasium named after K. Dm. Ushinsky.

Summary

The experiment on studying anthropogenic soil pollution, which is possible to conduct on the near-the-school territory, in a park, forest, or in the school lab, is offered. The examined ways of soil research are quite accessible, possess demonstrativeness, do not demand costly material and technical base and can be conducted by the 8th Form students independently.

Keywords:

Environment, environmental pollution monitoring, soil, humus, chemicalanalysis of soil.


Protection of documents from being forged using color reactions

Authors:

Polovnyak V. K.. Adress: Kazan. Workplace: The Technological University.

Haibrakhmanova D. F.. Adress: Kazan. Workplace: The Technological University.

Summary

Replicated documents, such as voting bulletins, lottery tickets, bank documents, various letterheads, are often forged with the help of xeroxing. To avoid this and to protect documents from being faked, color chemical reactions can be used. Some color reactions of ions Fe2+ and Fe3+, which are potentially can be used for chemical protection of documents from being faked, are examined.

Keywords:

Color reactions, ferrum (iron) ions, solution coloration, coding solution, developing solution.


Post-Curriculum exercises

Sharing th experience of conducting the chemistry week

Authors:

Mikeladze I.P.. Adress: Township Rechnoy, the Kirov region.

Summary

The given article describes the preparation to the chemistry week at school, the program of events to be conducted within the framework of the week, including the detailed design of class hour “Admission to chemists”. This post-curriculum event is assigned to be conducted in the 8th Form, but the given design can be used in the 7th Form also, if the introductory course of chemistry has already been taught to students.

Keywords:

Postcurriculum activities, chemical class-hour «sanctification intochemists».


Using theme quizzes in teaching practice

Authors:

Alexandrova E.I.. Adress: Cheboksary. Workplace: Lyceum # 44.

Summary

Theme quiz “Elements, metals, and non-metals” questions are offered.

Keywords:

Quiz, chemical element, metal, non-metal.


How to keep a student busy

Authors:

Izhogina E.Yu.. Adress: Voronezh. Workplace: Secondary School № 8.

Summary

For students to remember better and to use correctly in the future terms and definitions, the tasks are developed, which assume filling in lacunes in text.

Keywords:

Independent work, terms definition.


Some Facts from History of Chemistry

Development of Chemical knowledge in Russia until the middle of the XVIIIthcentury

Authors:

Avdeev Ya. G.. Adress: Kaluga. Workplace: Kaluga State University after K. E. Tsiolkovsky.

Savitkin N. I.. Adress: Kaluga. Workplace: Kaluga State University after K. E. Tsiolkovsky.

Tolkacheva T. K.. Adress: Kaluga.

Summary

The level of Chemistry knowledge in Russia of the XIth – mid XVIIIth centuries is analyzed in this work. Mainly practical character of this knowledge is shown: elements of Technical and Medical Chemistry are developing.

Keywords:

The history of chemistry, chemistry crafts, the oldest chemicalmanufacturing, manufacturing development.